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Melatonin reduces pyramidal neuronal death in the hippocampus and prevents the impairment of place learning and memory in the Morris water maze, otherwise occurring following global cerebral ischemia. The cytoarchitectonic characteristics of the hippocampal CA1 remaining pyramidal neurons in brains of rats submitted 120 days earlier to acute global cerebral(More)
Hippocampal theta activity accompanies behaviours such as running, swimming, head movements and spatially orientated responses in the rat. However, whether a relationship between this activity and information processing exists remains unclear. As place-learning depends on hippocampal integrity, whereas cue-learning does not, the hippocampal theta activity(More)
Progesterone is neuroprotective in models of focal or global ischemia when treatment starts either before the insult or at the onset of reperfusion. In these cases the steroid may act during the occurrence of the early pathophysiological events triggered by ischemia or reperfusion. As opposed to this condition, the aim of the present study was to assess the(More)
The presence of electroencephalographic signs of "relaxation behavior"; i.e., groups of synchronic, 6-10 Hz, 100-150 microV EEG waves mainly appearing in parieto-occipital regions, have been investigated in a nursing woman during breast-feeding. EEG was recorded once a week from right and left frontal-central, central-parietal, parietal-temporal and(More)
The mechanisms by which early chronic lead (Pb) exposure alter brain development have not been identified. We examined neuroimmune system effects in C57BL/6J mice with Pb exposure, including levels that may be common among children in lower socioeconomic income environments. Pups were exposed via dams' drinking water from birth to post-natal day 28 to low,(More)
BACKGROUND Barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and synthetic steroids having anesthetic properties, by enhancing the inhibitory GABAergic neurotransmission to the neuronal circuits of cerebral structures vulnerable to ischemia, reduce the damage induced by this condition. Some endogenous steroids resulting from progesterone (P4) biotransformation in the brain(More)
Electroencephalographic (EEG) and multineuronal activity (MUA) from several brain structures were recorded in 11 adult cats during milk drinking. Milk drinking elicited parietal and hippocampal EEG synchronization and inhibited multiunit discharge in several brain regions. The proportion of EEG synchronization varied considerably between animals, but(More)
PURPOSE To assess the longterm neuroprotective effects of progesterone (P₄) and allopregnanolone (ALLO) on functional and morphological parameters of the integrity of the hippocampus, after global cerebral ischemia. METHODS Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to a transient severe (20 min) forebrain ischemia (Isch) episode and treated with P₄ or(More)
In this study, the effects of progesterone (P4) on the immunoreactivity to the neurite growth inhibitor Nogo-A, its receptor (Ng-R), and its effector Rho-A in the rat hippocampus, in association with parameters of spatial learning and memory following global cerebral ischemia, were assessed. Adult male rats were subjected to global cerebral ischemia (15(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to the hippocampus, the dorsolateral caudate nucleus (CN) and the pars reticularis of the substantia nigra (SNr) are among the most vulnerable brain areas to ischemia. A possible association of the neuronal injury in these two subcortical nuclei has been proposed, the primary damage affecting the CN GABAergic neurons innervating the(More)