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A bacterial strain, designated PW21(T), was isolated from root nodules of Prosopis farcta in Tunisia. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed the isolate into the genus Paenibacillus, with its closest relatives being Paenibacillus glycanilyticus DS-1(T) and Paenibacillus castaneae Ch-32(T) with identity values of 96.9 %. DNA-DNA(More)
Endophytic bacterial population was isolated from Spartina maritima tissues, a heavy metal bioaccumulator cordgrass growing in the estuaries of Tinto, Odiel, and Piedras River (south west Spain), one of the most polluted areas in the world. Strains were identified and ability to tolerate salt and heavy metals along with plant growth promoting and enzymatic(More)
Spartina maritima is a native endangered heavy metal rhizoaccumulator cordgrass naturally growing in southwest coasts of Spain, where is used as a biotool to rehabilitate degraded salt marshes. Fifteen bacterial strains were isolated from the rhizosphere of S. maritima growing in the estuary of the Tinto River, one of the most polluted areas in the world. A(More)
In the salt marshes of the joint estuary of Tinto and Odiel rivers (SW Spain), one of the most polluted areas by heavy metals in the world, Spartina densiflora grows on sediments with high concentrations of heavy metals. Furthermore, this species has shown to be useful for phytoremediation. The total bacterial population of the rhizosphere of S. densiflora(More)
While the biology of nitrogen-fixing root nodules has been extensively studied, little is known about the evolutionary events that predisposed legume plants to form symbiosis with rhizobia. We have studied the presence and the expression of two pectic gene families in Medicago, polygalacturonases (PGs) and pectin methyl esterases (PMEs) during the early(More)
Spartina maritima is an ecosystem engineer that has shown to be useful for phytoremediation purposes. A glasshouse experiment using soil from a metal-contaminated estuary was designed to investigate the effect of a native bacterial consortium, isolated from S. maritima rizhosphere and selected owing to their plant growth promoting properties and(More)
Arsenic (As) reduces legume nodulation by affecting the first stages of the symbiotic interaction, which causes a 90% decrease in rhizobial infections. In this paper, we examine molecular mechanisms underlying this toxic effect, using the model system Medicago sativa-Sinorhizobium. In the presence and absence of As, the expression patterns of seven nodulin(More)
The structure of the extracellular polysaccharide secreted by Rhizobium leguminosarum var. phaseoli CIAT 899 has been studied by methylation analysis. 1H-n.m.r. spectroscopy, and partial acid hydrolysis. The repeating unit is an octasaccharide made up of D-glucose, D-galactose, pyruvic acid, and acetic acid in the molar ratios 6:2:1.5:1.5. Half of the(More)
Diversity of 50 bacterial isolates recovered from root nodules of Prosopis farcta grown in different arid soils in Tunisia, was investigated. Characterization of isolates was assessed using a polyphasic approach including phenotypic characteristics, 16S rRNA gene PCR--RFLP and sequencing, nodA gene sequencing and MLSA. It was found that most of isolates are(More)
Tip growth is a specialized type of polar growth where new cell wall is deposited in a localized region of the cell, the growing tip. These cells show a characteristic zonation, with a high accumulation of secretory vesicles containing cell wall components at the tip, followed by an organelle-enriched zone. MsPG3 is a Medicago sativa polygalacturonase gene(More)