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Despite recent advances in treatment, multiple myeloma (MM) remains an incurable malignancy. By using in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo approaches, we have identified here that lipid rafts constitute a new target in MM. We have found that the phospholipid ether edelfosine targets and accumulates in MM cell membrane rafts, inducing apoptosis through(More)
A simple, rapid and sensitive reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the measurement of doxycycline concentrations in both drug delivery systems (DDS) and serum extracted from mice after intraperitoneal (free drug) and intravenous (doxycycline administered in DDS) administration, has been developed. For the analysis of(More)
Nanoparticles based on the poly(methyl vinyl ether-co-maleic anhydride) were pegylated with different types of PEGs, namely, two hydroxyl-functionalized PEGs (PEG and mPEG) and two amino-PEGs (DAE-PEG and DAP-PEG). The resulted nanoparticles demonstrated reduction of the negative surface charge compared to the non-modified particles. Further, in vivo(More)
The kinetics of tramadol enantiomers are stereoselective when doses of the racemic drug are given orally. To document whether the route of administration determines the stereoselective kinetics of tramadol enantiomers, healthy volunteers received 100 mg oral or intravenous doses of racemic tramadol, and serial blood samples were obtained to assay tramadol(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the toxicity and activity of two new amphotericin B formulations: poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanospheres coated with poloxamer 188 (AmB-NP) and mixed micelles with the same surfactant (AmB-MM). MATERIALS AND METHODS The toxicity of these formulations was evaluated in erythrocytes, J774.2 macrophages and LLCPK1 renal cells, as well as in(More)
Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside with a wide spectrum of antibacterial activity. However, as a highly water-soluble drug, it penetrates cells poorly. This constitutes a particularly important drawback for treating intracellular bacterial infections. This major hurdle may be solved by the use of vectors to deliver and target bioactive agents to the(More)
The aim of this work was to design mannosylated Gantrez AN nanoparticles (M-NP) and to describe their gut bioadhesive properties in order to develop a promising carrier for future applications in oral drug delivery. For that purpose, the process of the nanoparticles coating with mannosamine was optimized by the incubation of Gantrez AN nanoparticles with(More)
The aim of this work was to evaluate the bioadhesive potential of a polymeric vector obtained by the association between Gantrez AN nanoparticles and flagella-enriched Salmonella enteritidis extract. Fluorescently labelled nanoparticles (SE-NP) were prepared, after incubation between the polymer and the extract, by a solvent displacement method and(More)
The design of bioadhesive nanoparticles (NPs) for targeting specific sites within the gut remains a major challenge. One possible strategy to solve this problem may be the use of pegylated NPs. In general, these carriers display different bioadhesive properties to nondecorated NPs. Thus, pegylated NPs show a higher ability to interact with the small(More)
PURPOSE The present study investigates and compares the dose-dependent pharmacokinetics and oral bioavailability of edelfosine in healthy, immunodeficient, and tumor-bearing immunosuppressed mouse animal models, as well as edelfosine uptake and apoptotic activity in the Z-138 mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cell line. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Biodistribution study(More)