Mieko Toyoda

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BACKGROUND Few options for transplantation currently exist for patients highly sensitized to HLA. This exploratory, open-label, phase 1-2, single-center study examined whether intravenous immune globulin plus rituximab could reduce anti-HLA antibody levels and improve transplantation rates. METHODS Between September 2005 and May 2007, a total of 20 highly(More)
BACKGROUND.: We have shown that high-dose intravenous immune globulin (IVIG; 2 g/kg x2 doses)+rituximab (1 g x2 doses) was effective in lowering anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies and improving rates of transplantation. The aim of this report was to evaluate the efficacy of IVIG+rituximab on reduction of anti-HLA antibodies to a level that was(More)
Reported are the reduction of anti-HLA antibody levels and improvement of transplant rates by intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Between 1997 and 2000, a total of 101 adult patients with ESRD who were highly sensitized to HLA antigens (panel reactive antibody [PRA] > or =50% monthly for 3 mo)(More)
Control of CMV replication depends primarily on anti-CMV T lymphocyte activity. However, the functional T-cell responses to CMV in immunosuppressed solid organ transplant recipients are not well understood. In this study we employed cytokine flowcytometry (CFC) using pooled CMV peptides and viral lysates to detect CMV-specific T-cell responses in 17 healthy(More)
Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is a unique, significant, and often severe form of allograft rejection that is not amenable to treatment with standard immunosuppressive medications. Significant advances have occurred in our ability to predict patients at risk for, and to diagnose, AMR. These advances include the development of newer anti-human leukocyte(More)
BACKGROUND Highly HLA-sensitized (HS) patients have difficulty accessing compatible donors, especially deceased donor (DD) transplants. Desensitization protocols (DES) have evolved, but rigorous evaluation is lacking. Here, we examined the efficacy of rituximab as a DES agent in a placebo-controlled trial. METHODS Candidates were randomized to(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) products are derived from pooled human plasma and have been used for the treatment of primary immunodeficiency disorders for more than 25 years. IVIG products are also effective in the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory disorders; however, the precise mechanism(s) of action is not known. Recent investigations suggest(More)
Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) has recently been recognized as a significant and unique form of rejection that is not amenable to treatment with standard immunosuppressive medications aimed at modification of T-cell function. Recent interest in AMR and the role of B cells in rejection has been aided by the concomitant discovery that C4d staining of renal(More)
BACKGROUND Polyomavirus-BK (BK) is a significant cause of allograft dysfunction in renal transplant recipients. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and BK infection are thought to be possible risk factors for one another, but no supporting data are yet available. METHODS The authors monitored BK and CMV infection by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 69(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Rituximab and intravenous Ig (IVIG) are commonly used for desensitization of HLA and blood group-incompatible (ABOi) transplants. However, serious infections have been noted in association with rituximab administration. In this study, we retrospectively compared infectious outcomes in those who received rituximab plus IVIG for HLA(More)