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This study was designed with a follow up of 16 years to provide the epidemiological model evaluating the risk of developing diabetes mellitus in Japan. A cohort of 2573 subjects (1851 males and 722 females) from a MHTS in Tokyo, who were nondiabetic (fasting blood glucose (FBS) less than 110 mg/dl) in the initial year, were selected. This cohort was(More)
BACKGROUND the optimal indicator for screening for diabetes mellitus without relying on fasting conditions was clarified. METHODS the subjects were 891 men ages 26 through 80 years (48.5 +/- 8.5). The objectives of this study were (1) to elucidate the efficacy of 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG), glycosylated hemoglobin, and fructosamine (FRA) as screening(More)
This investigation was designed to determine whether any lesion would be induced in germ-free animals exposed to Aspergillus versicolor alone. Twenty-one male Wistar germ-free rats bred in our Laboratory were monoassociated by A. versicolor while 20 male germ-free rats of the same strain were used as controls. All rats were maintained on our home-made(More)
The health hazards associated with grain dust exposure have been recognized as a cause of lung diseases. In the present study, we used germ-free rats exposed to Aspergillus versicolor to elucidate the mechanism for the lung damage induced by grain dust exposure. One month after exposure to the mold, remarkable proliferation of bronchus-associated lymphoid(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity in childhood increases the risk of obesity in adulthood. Obesity in adulthood is a risk factor for chronic diseases such as hypertension and atherosclerosis. Therefore, it is important to eliminate factors influencing the development of obesity in children from the viewpoint of preventive medicine. The purpose of this study is to(More)
The effect of thyroid hormone on the development of diencephalic monoaminergic neurons was studied in tadpoles of Bufo bufo japonicus. Monoamine-containing neurons in the preoptic recess organ (PRO) appeared later than those in the paraventricular organ (PVO) and nucleus infundibularis dorsalis (NID). After deprivation of thyroidal primordium no fluorescent(More)
Although reports on primary squamous cell carcinoma of the breast have been increasing in number, the morbidity rate of the disease is comparatively low. Its onset in pregnant women, especially, is quite rare. We herein report a case of primary squamous cell carcinoma of the breast in a pregnant woman. A 33-year-old woman was admitted with a lump in the(More)
There is no sex difference in the number of axodendritic synapses in the lateral septum of adult rats. However, the treatment of adult females with estradiol (E2) for 4 weeks increases significantly the number of synapses, whereas E2 treatment fails to increase the synaptic number in males, suggesting a possible sexually dimorphic synaptic response to(More)