Mieke C J van Bruggen

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Histones can mediate the binding of DNA and anti-DNA to the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). In ELISA histone/DNA/anti-DNA complexes are able to bind to heparan sulfate (HS), an intrinsic constituent of the GBM. We questioned whether histone containing immune complexes are able to bind to the GBM, and if so, whether the ligand in the GBM is HS.(More)
The cardinal feature of systemic lupus erythematosus is the formation of anti-nuclear antibodies. In recent years, it has become clear that the nucleosome is a major autoantigen that drives this T cell-dependent autoimmune response, as exemplified by the presence of nucleosome-specific T helper cells and the high prevalence of nucleosome-specific(More)
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is the morpholinoethyl ester of mycophenolic acid, which is its active metabolite. MMF is effective in prolonging survival of allografts and xenografts. However, little is known about the effects and the main mechanism of action of MMF in autoimmune diseases. In this study, the effect of MMF on the spontaneous disease progression(More)
BACKGROUND Recently we showed that antinuclear autoantibodies complexed to nucleosomes can bind to heparan sulphate (HS) in the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) via the histone part of the nucleosome. Histones have been identified in glomerular deposits in human and murine lupus nephritis. In addition, a decreased HS staining in the GBM was found, most(More)
A rabbit antiserum, specific for the histone H3.3 replacement variant, was raised with the aid of a histone H3.3-specific peptide. Immuno blot experiments demonstrated the specificity of this polyclonal antiserum. In addition, we showed on immuno blots that two monoclonal antibodies isolated from mice with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) display strong(More)
Recently, anti-nucleosome antibodies, which do not bind to DNA or to individual histones, have been identified in longitudinal studies in lupus mice. These anti-nucleosome antibodies occur early in spontaneous SLE and are formed prior to other anti-nuclear specificities. However, nucleosomal epitopes are yet to be fully characterized. We selected a panel of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of disease progression and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration on the presence of nucleosomes, antinucleosome reactivity, and nucleosome-Ig complexes in the circulation of MRL and control mice. METHODS Plasma samples from lupus-prone (MRL/lpr and MRL/+) and control (CBA, Swiss, and BALB/c) mice were tested in(More)
The relationship between autoantibody reactivities and nephritis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is unclear. We studied MRL/l mice which developed a considerable albuminuria (either mice with short ( < 1 week) or heavy and prolonged (3 weeks) albuminuria) and compared them with non-albuminuric age-matched controls, with young (12 weeks old)(More)
To investigate the role of CD4+ cells in the induction and maintenance of streptococcal cell wall (SCW)-induced arthritis, Lewis rats were treated with a monoclonal antibody against rat CD4 (W3/25). Injection before onset of the arthritis resulted in resistance to SCW arthritis. Treatment with anti-CD4 during ongoing arthritis induced an amelioration of the(More)