Mieczysław Litwin

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Increased intima-media thickness of the carotid arteries (cIMT) has been found in young adults with childhood-onset chronic kidney disease (CKD). The disease stage at which these patients first develop abnormalities of arterial texture is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the onset and character of arterial changes in children aged 10 to(More)
BACKGROUND Although inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system delays the progression of renal failure in adults with chronic kidney disease, the blood-pressure target for optimal renal protection is controversial. We assessed the long-term renoprotective effect of intensified blood-pressure control among children who were receiving a fixed high dose of an(More)
OBJECTIVE Sonographic evaluation of arterial wall morphology and elasticity is increasingly accepted as a non-invasive tool in cardiovascular assessment. Several studies suggest that intima-media thickness (IMT) and arterial elasticity indices may sensitively reflect different vasculopathic processes in children. However, normative values and the impact of(More)
Renal hypodysplasia (RHD) is characterized by reduced kidney size and/or maldevelopment of the renal tissue following abnormal organogenesis. Mutations in renal developmental genes have been identified in a subset of affected individuals. Here, we report the first mutations in BMP4 and SIX2 identified in patients with RHD. We detected 3 BMP4 mutations in 5(More)
Growth references are useful in monitoring a child's growth, which is an essential part of child care. The aim of this paper was to provide updated growth references for Polish school-aged children and adolescents and show the prevalence of overweight and obesity among them. Growth references for height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) were constructed(More)
Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid artery distensibility are reliable screening methods for vascular alterations and the assessment of cardiovascular risk in adult and pediatric cohorts. We sought to establish an international reference data set for the childhood and adolescence period and explore the impact of developmental changes in body(More)
INTRODUCTION Adequate Vitamin D intake and its concentration in serum are important for bone health and calcium-phosphate metabolism as well as for optimal function of many organs and tissues. Documented trends in lifestyle, nutritional habits and physical activity appear to be associated with moderate or severe Vitamin D deficits resulting in health(More)
UNLABELLED This observational study was designed to verify the hypothesis that the treatment modality significantly affects the evolution of CKD-associated arteriopathy. PATIENTS Paediatric patients (mean age 13.8 +/- 4.2 years) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3-5, including 24 patients with mean GFR 54 +/- 21 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (CKD group) and 32(More)
Our aim was to determine the prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and increased intima-media thickness (IMT) in Caucasian children with newly diagnosed, untreated essential hypertension (EH). Our study cohort consisted of 72 children with EH (mean age: 14.5 years; range: 5–18 years). The control groups consisted of 103 age-matched, healthy(More)
Measuring intima–media thickness (IMT) is now a standard diagnostic procedure in assessing cardiovascular risk and hypertensive target-organ damage (TOD) in adults. There is also an increasing number of pediatric publications evaluating IMT in children from high-risk groups, such as those with arterial hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease,(More)