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Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid artery distensibility are reliable screening methods for vascular alterations and the assessment of cardiovascular risk in adult and pediatric cohorts. We sought to establish an international reference data set for the childhood and adolescence period and explore the impact of developmental changes in body(More)
Renal hypodysplasia (RHD) is characterized by reduced kidney size and/or maldevelopment of the renal tissue following abnormal organogenesis. Mutations in renal developmental genes have been identified in a subset of affected individuals. Here, we report the first mutations in BMP4 and SIX2 identified in patients with RHD. We detected 3 BMP4 mutations in 5(More)
OBJECTIVE Sonographic evaluation of arterial wall morphology and elasticity is increasingly accepted as a non-invasive tool in cardiovascular assessment. Several studies suggest that intima-media thickness (IMT) and arterial elasticity indices may sensitively reflect different vasculopathic processes in children. However, normative values and the impact of(More)
Increased intima-media thickness of the carotid arteries (cIMT) has been found in young adults with childhood-onset chronic kidney disease (CKD). The disease stage at which these patients first develop abnormalities of arterial texture is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the onset and character of arterial changes in children aged 10 to(More)
Measuring intima-media thickness (IMT) is now a standard diagnostic procedure in assessing cardiovascular risk and hypertensive target-organ damage (TOD) in adults. There is also an increasing number of pediatric publications evaluating IMT in children from high-risk groups, such as those with arterial hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease,(More)
UNLABELLED This observational study was designed to verify the hypothesis that the treatment modality significantly affects the evolution of CKD-associated arteriopathy. PATIENTS Paediatric patients (mean age 13.8 +/- 4.2 years) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3-5, including 24 patients with mean GFR 54 +/- 21 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (CKD group) and 32(More)
UNLABELLED Skinfold thicknesses are used as valid anthropometric indicators of regional body fatness. Actual population-based values for skinfold thicknesses for Polish children are not available. The purpose of this study was to provide population-based values for triceps, subscapular, and abdominal skinfold thicknesses in healthy children and adolescents.(More)
BACKGROUND Although inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system delays the progression of renal failure in adults with chronic kidney disease, the blood-pressure target for optimal renal protection is controversial. We assessed the long-term renoprotective effect of intensified blood-pressure control among children who were receiving a fixed high dose of an(More)
Growth references are useful in monitoring a child's growth, which is an essential part of child care. The aim of this paper was to provide updated growth references for Polish school-aged children and adolescents and show the prevalence of overweight and obesity among them. Growth references for height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) were constructed(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to determine the prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and increased intima-media thickness (IMT) in Caucasian children with newly diagnosed, untreated essential hypertension (EH). PARTICIPANTS Our study cohort consisted of 72 children with EH (mean age: 14.5 years; range: 5-18 years). The control groups consisted of 103(More)