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Plant growth is greatly affected by drought and low temperature. Expression of a number of genes is induced by both drought and low temperature, although these stresses are quite different. Previous experiments have established that a cis-acting element named DRE (for dehydration-responsive element) plays an important role in both dehydration- and(More)
Plant productivity is greatly affected by environmental stresses such as drought, salt loading, and freezing. We reported previously that a cis-acting promoter element, the dehydration response element (DRE), plays an important role in regulating gene expression in response to these stresses. The transcription factor DREB1A specifically interacts with the(More)
The transcription factors DREBs/CBFs specifically interact with the dehydration-responsive element/C-repeat (DRE/CRT) cis-acting element (core motif: G/ACCGAC) and control the expression of many stress-inducible genes in Arabidopsis. In rice, we isolated five cDNAs for DREB homologs: OsDREB1A, OsDREB1B, OsDREB1C, OsDREB1D, and OsDREB2A. Expression of(More)
Full-length cDNAs are essential for functional analysis of plant genes. Using the biotinylated CAP trapper method, we constructed full-length Arabidopsis cDNA libraries from plants in different conditions, such as drought-treated, cold-treated, or unstressed plants, and at various developmental stages from germination to mature seed. We prepared a cDNA(More)
Raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFO) accumulating during seed development are thought to play a role in the desiccation tolerance of seeds. However, the functions of RFO in desiccation tolerance have not been elucidated. Here we examine the functions of RFO in Arabidopsis thaliana plants under drought- and cold-stress conditions, based on the analyses of(More)
The transcription factor DREB1A/CBF3 specifically interacts with the dehydration responsive element (DRE/CRT) and induces expression of genes involved in environmental stress tolerance in Arabidopsis: Overexpression of DREB1A improved drought- and low-temperature stress tolerance in tobacco. The stress-inducible rd29A promoter minimized the negative effects(More)
The transcriptional factor DREB/CBF (dehydration-responsive element/C-repeat-binding) specifically interacts with the dehydration-responsive element (DRE)/C-repeat (CRT) cis-acting element (A/GCCGAC) and controls the expression of many stress-inducible genes in Arabidopsis. Transgenic plants overexpressing DREB1A showed activated expression of many(More)
In higher plants, a cis-acting element, DRE/CRT, is involved in gene expression responsive to drought and low-temperature stress. To understand signal transduction pathways from the cold stress signal to gene expression, we characterized a gene family for DRE/CRT-binding proteins DREB1A and CBF1 in Arabidopsis thaliana. DREB1A and CBF1 were shown to be(More)
DNA cassette containing an AtDREB1A cDNA and a nos terminator, driven by a cauliflower mosaic 35S promoter, or a stress-inducible rd29A promoter, was transformed into the ground cover chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflorum) ‘Fall Color’ genome. Compared with wild type plants, severe growth retardation was observed in 35S:DREB1A plants, but not in(More)
The freezing tolerance of 38 independent transgenic potato lines derived from the cultivar Desiree was tested in vitro using plantlets. The lines were transgenic for the DREB1A gene under control of the rd29A promoter, both of which were derived from Arabidopsis thaliana. The level of damage caused by freezing varied significantly among the transgenic(More)