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Prostacyclin and beraprost sodium (beraprost), a stable analogue of prostacyclin, increased cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in a concentration-dependent manner. The elevation of cAMP by beraprost was sustained longer than that by prostacyclin. The expression of thrombomodulin (TM) on membrane surface of(More)
Effect of beraprost sodium (BPS), a long-acting and orally active stable analogue of PGI2, on the macromolecular permeability of cultured vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC) was detected by the transport of FITC-albumin. Thrombin treatment resulted in induction of FITC-albumin transport across the endothelial cell monolayer. The albumin transport induced by(More)
This study was conducted to identify the characteristic pharmacological features of GT-0198 that is phenoxymethylbenzamide derivatives. GT-0198 inhibited the function of glycine transporter 2 (GlyT2) in human GlyT2-expressing HEK293 cells and did not bind various major transporters or receptors of neurotransmitters in a competitive manner. Thus, GT-0198 is(More)
Beraprost sodium (beraprost) is a stable analogue of prostaglandin I2 (PGI2), which can be administrated orally. In the present study, the effect of beraprost on the activation process of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) was examined in vitro. Beraprost effectively inhibited chemotaxis of PMNs induced by formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP). Like(More)
Using a peroxide-injured endothelial cell model, beraprost sodium (beraprost) was tested in relation to the action to protect against the damage of vascular endothelial cells employing the viability of the cells and change in lipid peroxides as the indicators. At a concentration of 1-3 mumol/l or higher, beraprost significantly inhibited the decrease in(More)
In this study, the receptors and signals involved in collagen-induced platelet spreading were examined. It was found that platelet spreading on collagen (presenting a polygon shape with a number of filopodialike projections) was inhibited by the anti-integrin alpha(2) antibody, suggesting the involvement of integrin alpha(2)beta(1) in this process. Studies(More)
Although glycoprotein Ia/IIa (GPIa/IIa, integrin alpha(2)beta(1)) has established its role as a collagen receptor, it remains unclear whether GPIa/IIa mediates activation signals. In this study, we show that rhodocytin, purified from the Calloselasma rhodostoma venom, induces platelet aggregation, which can be blocked by anti-GPIa monoclonal antibodies.(More)
Salvianolic acid B (SAB) is a component of Danshen, a herb widely used in Chinese medicine, and was previously shown to exert a number of biological activities including inhibition of platelet function, but the exact mechanisms involved are unclear. SAB dose-dependently inhibited platelet deposition from flowing, anticoagulated whole blood to immobilized(More)
Liposomes carrying both recombinant glycoprotein Ia/IIa (rGPIa/IIa) and Ib alpha (rGPIb alpha) (rGPIa/IIa-Ib alpha-liposomes) instantaneously and irreversibly adhered to the collagen surface in the presence of soluble von Willebrand factor (VWF) at high shear rates, in marked contrast with translocation of liposomes carrying rGPIb alpha alone on the VWF(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The pharmacological properties of particular receptors have recently been suggested to vary under different conditions. We compared the pharmacological properties of the α1B -adrenoceptor subtype in various tissue preparations and under various conditions. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH [(3) H]-prazosin binding to α1B -adrenoceptors in rat(More)