Midori Suenaga

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Impaired clearance of soluble Aβ (amyloid-β) promotes Aβ aggregation in brains with Alzheimer's disease (AD), while apolipoprotein-E (ApoE) in microglia mediates Aβ clearance. We studied the protease responsible for ApoE(4) degradation in human peripheral monocyte extracts, which are from the same lineage as microglia. We detected the hydrolytic activity(More)
Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles in eukaryotic cells. Although the role of mitochondria in metabolism, ATP production and apoptosis is more widely recognized, alterations in mitochondrial morphology and abundance are also important for cellular functions. Here we investigated mitochondrial dynamics in synchronized HeLa cells in which the major(More)
Juvenile visceral steatosis (JVS) mice, novel animal models of systemic carnitine deficiency, exhibit a remarkably increased number of mitochondria in their cardiac myocytes. To date, however, there has been no reported investigation of the molecular mechanism of this increased number of mitochondria. Here, we analyzed the gene expression profile from the(More)
Trehalose 6,6'-dicorynomycolate (TDCM) was first characterized in 1963 as a cell surface glycolipid of Corynebacterium spp. by Ioneda and co-workers. TDCM shows potent anti-tumor activity due to its immunoadjuvant properties. Furthermore, the toxicity of TDCM in mice is much weaker than the related trehalose diester of mycolic acid; trehalose(More)
We found that a mouse homolog of human DNA polymerase delta interacting protein 38, referred to as Mitogenin I in this paper, and mitochondrial single-stranded DNA-binding protein (mtSSB), identified as upregulated genes in the heart of mice with juvenile visceral steatosis, play a role in the regulation of mitochondrial morphology. We demonstrated that(More)
Opaliferin, a polyketide with a unique partial structure in which a cyclopentanone and tetrahydrofuran were connected with an external double bond, was isolated from the insect pathogenic fungus Cordyceps sp. NBRC 106954. The structure and relative configuration of opaliferin were determined by spectroscopic analysis and X-ray crystallography. The absolute(More)
Ample evidence indicates that a high-protein/low-carbohydrate diet increases glucose energy expenditure and is beneficial in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The present study was designed to investigate the effects of L-tryptophan in T2DM. Blood glucose was measured by the glucose dehydrogenase assay and serum insulin was measured with ELISA(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Aggregates of the protein amyloid-beta (Abeta) play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Most therapeutic approaches to AD do not target Abeta, so determination of the factor(s) that facilitate aggregation and discovering agents that prevent aggregation have great potential therapeutic value. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
During the search for new antitrypanosomal drug leads, three new antitrypanosomal compounds, cardinalisamides A-C (1-3), were isolated from cultures of the insect pathogenic fungus Cordyceps cardinalis NBRC 103832. Their structures were elucidated using MS analyses and extensive 2D-heteronuclear NMR. The absolute configurations of 1-3 were addressed by(More)
Vizantin has immunostimulating properties and anticancer activity. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of immune activation by vizantin. THP-1 cells treated with small interfering RNA for TLR-4 abolished vizantin-induced macrophage activation processes such as chemokine release. In addition, compared with wild-type mice, the release of(More)