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The complete nucleotide sequence of the genome of a symbiotic bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 was determined. The genome of B. japonicum was a single circular chromosome 9,105,828 bp in length with an average GC content of 64.1%. No plasmid was detected. The chromosome comprises 8317 potential protein-coding genes, one set of rRNA genes and 50(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the genome of a symbiotic bacterium Mesorhizobium loti strain MAFF303099 was determined. The genome of M. loti consisted of a single chromosome (7,036, 071 bp) and two plasmids, designated as pMLa (351,911 bp) and pMLb (208,315 bp). The chromosome comprises 6752 potential protein-coding genes, two sets of rRNA genes and(More)
The events that occur during chemotaxis of sperm are only partly known. As an essential step toward determining the underlying mechanism, we have recorded Ca2+ dynamics in swimming sperm of marine invertebrates. Stimulation of the sea urchin Arbacia punctulata by the chemoattractant or by intracellular cGMP evokes Ca2+ spikes in the flagellum. A Ca2+ spike(More)
Peptides released from eggs of marine invertebrates play a central role in fertilization. About 80 different peptides from various phyla have been isolated, however, with one exception, their respective receptors on the sperm surface have not been unequivocally identified and the pertinent signaling pathways remain ill defined. Using rapid mixing techniques(More)
Many metazoans convert the reproductive modes presumably depending upon the environmental conditions and/or the phase of life cycle, but the mechanisms underlying the switching from asexual to sexual reproduction, and vice versa, remain unknown. We established an experimental system, using an integrative biology approach, to analyze the mechanism in the(More)
This article reports an unusual case of repeated intraoperative myocardial ischemia and ventricular arrhythmia during neurosurgical anesthesia. The presentation was clinically diagnosed as coronary spasm after successful resuscitation. Intraoperative prostaglandin E(1) and beta-adrenergic blockade, as well as vagal stimulation due to surgical manipulation,(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the entire genome of a cyanobacterium Gloeobacter violaceus PCC 7421 was determined. The genome of G. violaceus was a single circular chromosome 4,659,019 bp long with an average GC content of 62%. No plasmid was detected. The chromosome comprises 4430 potential protein-encoding genes, one set of rRNA genes, 45 tRNA genes(More)
The entire genome of a thermophilic unicellular cyanobacterium, Thermosynechococcus elongatus BP-1, was sequenced. The genome consisted of a circular chromosome 2,593,857 bp long, and no plasmid was detected. A total of 2475 potential protein-encoding genes, one set of rRNA genes, 42 tRNA genes representing 42 tRNA species and 4 genes for small structural(More)
The genome of the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 consists of a single chromosome and several plasmids of different sizes, and the nucleotide sequences of the chromosome and three small plasmids (5.2 kb, 2.4 kb, and 2.3 kb) have already been sequenced. We newly determined the nucleotide sequences of four large plasmids, which have been(More)
The planarian Dugesia ryukyuensis reproduces both asexually and sexually, and can switch from one mode of reproduction to the other. We recently developed a method for experimentally switching reproduction of the planarian from the asexual to the sexual mode. We constructed a cDNA library from sexualized D. ryukyuensis and sequenced and analyzed 8,988(More)