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Healthy men (N = 1424, age 20-70 yr) underwent a progressive incremental treadmill exercise test to volitional maximum. Cardiopulmonary variables were measured breath-by-breath. The aerobic power (VO2max) declined at an average yearly rate of 0.33 ml.kg.-1min-1, HRmax declined 0.685 beats.min-1.yr-1, and max O2 pulse declined at an annual rate of 0.115(More)
BACKGROUND We have shown that the angiogenic peptides basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) enhance canine coronary collateral development when administered for > or = 4 weeks. bFGF, a pluripotent mitogen of mesodermally derived cells, could theoretically exacerbate neointimal smooth muscle cell hyperplasia, a(More)
BACKGROUND Recently we reported that intracoronary administration of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), a potent angiogenic peptide, increases collateral blood flow in dogs subjected to progressive left circumflex coronary artery (LCx) occlusion. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of systemically administered bFGF on collateral blood(More)
Deep pressure sores (DPS) are associated with inadequate soft tissue perfusion and excessive tissue deformation over critical time durations, as well as with ischemia-reperfusion cycles and deficiency of the lymphatic system. Muscle tissue shows the lowest tolerance to pressure injuries, compared with more superficial tissues. In this communication, we(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was performed to examine the effect of intracoronary exogenous basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on angiogenesis in infarcted myocardial regions. BACKGROUND Exogenous bFGF is a potent promoter of angiogenesis. Little information is available on its effect on myocardial angiogenesis. METHODS Myocardial infarction was induced in(More)
BACKGROUND Growth hormone (GH) replacement during childhood has been shown to increase stature; however, there is little information on its long-term effect on the heart is not yet clear. The aim of this study was to assess cardiac size and function in patients with childhood-onset GH deficiency in whom GH treatment had been stopped at the achievement of(More)
The clinical practice for minimizing the risk of pressure sores (PS) is to relief pressures under bony prominences of immobilized patients by changing their postures frequently. The US Department of Health advises to relief sitting pressures at least every 1 hour, and every 15 minutes for individuals who are body-abled. Surprisingly, there is paucity of(More)
Previous studies have shown that pre-exposure of the heart to weak magnetic field reduces infarct size shortly after induction of myocardial ischemia. To investigate the role of AC magnetic field with a frequency of 15.95-16 Hz and 80 mT on left ventricular (LV) remodeling following chronic coronary occlusion and a short episode of ischemia followed by(More)
The effect of exercise training prior to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) on left ventricular (LV) remodeling is poorly understood. This study investigated the protective effect of 3 weeks of swimming exercise training prior to AMI on cardiac morphology and function. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 35) were randomly assigned to 3 groups: swimming training (n(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial cell-specific mitogen that is angiogenic in vitro and in vivo. It has been hypothesized that VEGF plays a role in myocardial collateral formation; however, the effects of VEGF on collateral flow to ischemic myocardium are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the effect of VEGF on(More)