Mickey S Coffler

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Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing ovulation induction appear to be extremely sensitive to gonadotropin stimulation and at increased risk for ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. To determine granulosa cell responsiveness to recombinant human FSH (r-hFSH), dose-response studies were conducted in 16 individual PCOS patients and 7 normal(More)
In PCOS women with insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia may contribute to inappropriate gonadotropin secretion. To determine whether insulin influences gonadotropin release in PCOS, pulsatile LH secretion and gonadotropin responses to GnRH were evaluated before (phase 1) and during (phase 2) insulin infusion. In phase 1, 11 PCOS and 9 normal women on(More)
CONTEXT In women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), excess ovarian androgen production is driven by increased LH secretion. Studies conducted in animals suggest that the granulosa cell may influence LH-stimulated theca cell androgen production. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine whether FSH enhances androgen production in women(More)
It has been reported in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) that LH secretion is not altered by insulin infusion. To determine whether insulin resistance may have precluded an effect of insulin, pulsatile LH secretion and gonadotropin responses to GnRH were examined in PCOS women (n = 9) before and after pioglitazone treatment (45 mg/d) for 20 wk in(More)
CONTEXT In the human ovary, expression of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is detected primarily in granulosa cells of preantral and small antral follicles. This finding is consistent with the tight correlation between circulating AMH levels and the number of small antral follicles (2-5 mm) in normal and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women. In addition, the(More)
Three-dimensional ultrasound is a new modality finding its way into clinical practice. Most of the major ultrasound vendors are now developing three-dimensional ultrasound capabilities. We expect that although three-dimensional ultrasound will not replace two-dimensional ultrasound, many additional benefits will be identified and its use will continue to(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) inappropriate gonadotrophin secretion is characterized by increased pulse frequency and amplitude, elevated 24-h mean serum concentrations, and greater responses to GnRH. While the mechanism(s) responsible for this increased release of LH are not well understood, enhanced LH secretion has been(More)
CONTEXT Follicular phase secretion of inhibin B, like that of estradiol (E(2)), correlates with the quantity and quality of developing follicles. However, it has not been established whether inhibin B responses to gonadotropin stimulation parallel those of E(2) as a reflection of granulosa cell functional capacity. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine(More)
The primary clinical manifestations of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are hirsutism and irregular menstrual bleeding due to ovarian androgen excess and chronic anovulation. Historically, these features emerge late in puberty or shortly thereafter. The presence of insulin resistance or obesity, both commonly associated with this disorder, seems to further(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibin B (Inh B) is produced by pre-antral and early antral follicles whereas estradiol (E(2)) is a product of follicles undergoing antrum formation. This temporal distinction is evident in the patterns of Inh B and E(2) release earlier and later during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle, respectively. However, in previous studies of(More)