Mickaël M. Ménager

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Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is a genetically heterogeneous autosomal recessive immune disorder characterized by the occurrence of uncontrolled activation of lymphocytes and macrophages infiltrating multiple organs. Disease-causing mutations in the perforin (PRF1; also known as FHL2), Munc13-4 (UNC13D; also known as FHL3), and(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells exert their cytotoxic activity through the polarized secretion of cytotoxic granules at the immunological synapse. Rab27a and hMunc13-4 are critical effectors of the exocytosis of cytotoxic granules. Here we show that the cytotoxic function of lymphocytes requires the cooperation of two types of organelles:(More)
During obesity, macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue propagates the chronic inflammation and insulin resistance associated with type 2 diabetes. The factors, however, that regulate the accrual of macrophages in adipose tissue are not well understood. Here we show that the neuroimmune guidance cue netrin-1 is highly expressed in obese but not lean(More)
Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is caused by mutations in the gene encoding LYST protein, the function of which remains poorly understood. Prominent features of CHS include defective secretory lysosome exocytosis and the presence of enlarged, lysosome-like organelles in several cell types. In order to get further insight into the role of LYST in the(More)
The granule-dependent cytotoxic activity of lymphocytes plays a critical role in the defense against virally infected cells and tumor cells. The importance of this cytotoxic pathway in immune regulation is evidenced by the severe and often fatal condition, known as hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytic syndrome (HLH) that occurs in mice and humans with(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer cells help control infections and tumors via a killing activity that is mediated by the release of cytotoxic granules. Granule secretion at the synapse formed between the CTL and the target cell leads to apoptosis of the latter. This process involves polarization of the CTL's secretory machinery and(More)
Whereas human dendritic cells (DCs) are largely resistant to productive infection with HIV-1, they have a unique ability to take up the virus and transmit it efficiently to T lymphocytes through a process of trans-infection or trans-enhancement. To elucidate the molecular and cell biological mechanism for trans-enhancement, we performed an shRNA screen of(More)
During obesity, macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue propagates the chronic inflammation and insulin resistance associated with type 2 diabetes. The factors that regulate the accrual of macrophages in adipose are not well understood. Here we show that the neuroimmune guidance cue netrin-1 is highly expressed in obese, but not lean adipose tissue of(More)
The aim of this protocol is to describe how to measure and quantify the amount of HIV-1 particles and dextran molecules internalized in human monocyte derived dendritic cells (MDDCs), using three different techniques: flow cytometry, quantitative PCR and confocal microscopy. BACKGROUND This protocol was developed in order to assess the changes of HIV-1(More)
An in vivo disturbance of lymphocyte homeostasis occurs during the course of the hemophagocytic syndrome (HS). HS is a severe and often fatal syndrome resulting from potent and uncontrolled activation and proliferation of T-lymphocytes, mainly polyclonal CD8 lymphocytes, leading to excessive macrophage activation, high level of proinflammatory cytokine(More)