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The concentration of cytoplasmic free calcium (Ca2+) increases in various stimulated cells in a wave (Ca2+ wave) and in periodic transients (Ca2+ oscillations). These phenomena are explained by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-induced Ca2+ release (IICR) and Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release (CICR) from separate intracellular stores, but decisive evidence is(More)
We isolated a cDNA encoding an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) of Drosophila melanogaster. The predicted Drosophila InsP3R (2,833 amino acids) has extensive sequence similarity to the mouse InsP3R. The polypeptide encoded by the cDNA was functionally expressed and showed characteristic InsP3-binding activity. The Drosophila InsP3R gene is(More)
Microfluorometry with fura-2 was applied to study the action of the anticonvulsant (+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801) on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in cultured mouse hippocampal neurons. MK-801 caused a potent and long-lasting blockade of the(More)
The ionic mechanism of the membrane permeability changes caused by L-glutamate in hippocampal neurons prepared from 17- to 19-day-old fetal rat in dispersed cell cultures was studied with the whole-cell variation of the patch electrode voltage-clamp technique. The cultured hippocampal neurons became sensitive to glutamate 7 days after plating, and(More)
The properties of the GABA-activated ion channel in hippocampal neurones prepared from 17- to 19-day-old fetal rats in dispersed cell cultures were studied with the patch-clamp techniques. These neurones had chemosensitivity to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the absence of synaptic inputs. GABA activated chloride ion channels selectively in these(More)
In order to clarify the nature of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in cerebellum, where heterogeneity of the NMDA receptor has been suggested, we investigated the action of MK-801 on the NMDA-induced [Ca2+]i rise in cultured cerebellar neurons using video-assisted microfluorometry. MK-801 caused a potent and selective blockade of the NMDA-activated(More)
The sulfhydryl reagent thimerosal enhanced the sensitivity of hamster eggs to injected inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) or Ca2+ to generate regenerative Ca2+ release from intracellular pools. A monoclonal antibody (mAb) to the InsP3 receptor blocked both the InsP3-induced Ca2+ release (IICR) and Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release (CICR). The mAb also blocked(More)
Long-term desensitization of AMPA receptors (LTDA) is a core mechanism of long-term depression, a model of motor learning in the cerebellum. In this study we investigated the expression of neurotrophic factor genes after induction of LTDA in cultured cerebellar slices. LTDA was induced by application of quisqualate and monitored as a population response(More)
As a first step toward identifying the factor(s) that is/are produced by astrocytes and support(s) the survival of cerebellar Purkinje cells in dissociated culture, we compared the effect of astrocytes of cerebellar, hippocampal, and cerebral origin. A feeder coverslip of cerebellar astrocytes, which did not have cell-to-cell contact to neuronal culture,(More)