Michiyoshi Kobayashi

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Accumulating evidence indicates that overproduction of prostanoids attributable to overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays an important role in colon carcinogenesis. We have shown recently that the prostaglandin (PG) E receptor, EP(1), but not EP(3), is involved in mouse colon carcinogenesis. In line with our previous study, here we examined the(More)
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatories are known to suppress incidence and progression of malignancies including colorectal cancers. However, the precise mechanism of this action remains unknown. Using prostaglandin (PG) receptor knockout mice, we have evaluated a role of PGs in tumor-associated angiogenesis and tumor growth, and identified PG receptors involved.(More)
Previous studies have shown that prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is involved in intestinal carcinogenesis through its binding to the PGE(2) receptor subtypes EP(1) and EP(4) and activation of downstream pathways. ONO-8711 and ONO-AE2-227, prostaglandin E receptor subtype EP(1)- and EP(4)-selective antagonists, respectively, are known to suppress formation of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic properties of single and multiple doses of novel translocator protein 18 kDa antagonist ONO-2952 in healthy subjects. METHODS Double-blind, placebo-controlled single (SAD) and multiple (MAD) dose escalation studies were conducted. Healthy men and women aged 18 to 55 years inclusive and(More)
ONO-2952, a novel antagonist of translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO), binds with high affinity to TSPO in rat brain and human tumor cell line membrane preparations. This study used the TSPO-specific PET radioligand [11 C]PBR28 to confirm binding of ONO-2952 to brain TSPO in human subjects, and evaluate brain TSPO occupancy and its relationship with ONO-2952(More)
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatories are known to suppress incidence and progression of malignancies including colorectal cancers. However, the precise mechanism of this action remains unknown. Using prostaglandin (PG) receptor knockout mice, we have evaluated a role of PGs in tumorassociated angiogenesis and tumor growth, and identified PG receptors involved.(More)
cis,cis-1,3,5-Triaminocyclohexane (c-TACH), its N-alkyl-derivatives (alkyl = methyl, ethyl), and trans,cis-1,3,5-triaminocyclohexane (t-TACH) were prepared, and speciation and DNA cleaving property of Cu(II) complexes of these ligands were investigated. All of the complexes efficiently promote the hydrolytic cleavage of supercoiled plasmid DNA under(More)
A series of 4-([2-[alkyl(phenylsulfonyl)amino]phenoxy]methyl)benzoic acids were identified as functional PGE(2) antagonists with selectivity for the EP1 receptor subtype starting from a chemical lead 1, which was found while screening our in-house compound library. Discovery of the optimized analogs 21-23 is presented here and structure-activity(More)
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