Learn More
The three-dimensional (3D)-engineered tissues composed of only cells and extracellular matrices (ECM) were constructed by the hydrogel template approach. The disulfide-crosslinked poly(gamma-glutamic acid) hydrogels were prepared as a template hydrogel. These template hydrogels were easily decomposed under physiological conditions using reductants such as(More)
The in vitro fabrication of vascularized tissue is a key challenge in tissue engineering, but little is known about the mechanisms of blood-capillary formation. Here we investigated the mechanisms of in vitro vascularization using precisely-controlled 3D-microenvironments constructed by a sandwich culture using the cell-accumulation technique.(More)
We fabricated a three-dimensional multilayered blood vessel model using human cells and high-strength PEG hydrogel. The hydrogel tube was physically suitable for perfusion culture, and cells were cultured on the hydrogel surface by binding with fibronectin. Using the layer-by-layer cell multilayered technique, we successfully constructed an artificial blood(More)
A novel thermotropic liquid-crystalline biocopolymer, poly{trans-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (4HCA: trans-coumaric acid)-co-lithocholic acid (LCA)}, was synthesized by a thermal polycondensation of 4HCA and LCA. When the LCA composition of P(4HCA-co-LCA) was 0, 5, 7, 23, 27, and 45 mol%, the copolymers showed a nematic liquid-crystalline phase. The melting point(More)
Biodegradable multilayered capsules encapsulating basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were developed as a cytokine release carrier for drug delivery systems. The multilayered hollow capsules were fabricated via the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of chitosan (CT) and dextran sulfate (Dex). The bFGF was encapsulated into the CT/Dex multilayered capsules by(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) tissue constructs consisting of human cells have opened a new avenue for tissue engineering, pharmaceutical and pathophysiological applications, and have great potential to estimate the dynamic pharmacological effects of drug candidates, metastasis processes of cancer cells, and toxicity expression of nano-materials, as a 3D-human(More)
A nanoneedle, an atomic force microscope (AFM) tip etched to 200 nm in diameter and 10 μm in length, can be inserted into cells with the aid of an AFM and has been used to introduce functional molecules into cells and to analyze intracellular information with minimal cell damage. However, some cell lines have shown low insertion efficiency of the(More)
The surface design and control of substrates with nanometer- or micrometer-sized polymer films are of considerable interest for both fundamental and applied studies in the biomedical field because of the required surface properties. The layer-by-layer (LbL) technique was discovered in 1991 by Decher and co-workers for the fabrication of polymer multilayers(More)
Cell accumulation technique is an extracellular matrix (ECM) nanofilm-based tissue-constructing method that enables formation of multilayered hybrid culture tissues. In this method, ECM-nanofilm is constructed using layer-by-layer assembly of fibronectin and gelatin on culture cells. The ECM-nanofilm promotes cell-to-cell interaction; then the(More)