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Parasitology of five primates in Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania
TLDR
Coprological surveillance was conducted to identify the fauna of parasite infection in five primate species in Mahale and parasitological data reported for red colobus, vervet monkeys, and yellow baboons are the first reports for these species.
Borrelia miyamotoi infections among wild rodents show age and month independence and correlation with Ixodes persulcatus larval attachment in Hokkaido, Japan.
TLDR
B. miyamotoi infection rates in sub-adult rodents were correlated with larval burden (p<0.01), suggesting that larvae may be very important in transmission of B. m Miyamotoi to wild rodents.
Changes in blood glucose and insulin responses to intravenous glucose tolerance tests and blood biochemical values in adult female Japanese black bears (Ursus thibetanus japonicus).
TLDR
The findings suggest that bears shift their glucose and lipid metabolism from the stage of normal activity to the hyperphagic stage in which they show lipogenic-predominant metabolism and accelerate glucose uptake by increasing the peripheral insulin sensitivity.
Effects of intramuscular administration of tiletamine-zolazepam with and without sedative pretreatment on plasma and serum biochemical values and glucose tolerance test results in Japanese black
TLDR
Induction and maintenance of anesthesia were safely achieved with little adverse effect on cardiopulmonary function when each of the 4 anesthetic regimens was used, although mild hypothermia was induced and medetomidine appeared to affect IVGTT results.
Early weaning decreases play-fighting behavior during the postweaning developmental period of Wistar rats.
TLDR
The results showed that deprivation of mother-pup interactions during the preweaning period decreases affiliative interactions between cage mates, including play-fighting behaviors during the postweaning developmental period, and increases anxiety levels during early adulthood.
A relapsing fever group Borrelia sp. similar to Borrelia lonestari found among wild sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) and Haemaphysalis spp. ticks in Hokkaido, Japan.
A relapsing fever Borrelia sp. similar to Borrelia lonestari (herein referred to as B. lonestari-like) was detected from wild sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) and Haemaphysalis ticks in the
Changes in expression of hepatic genes involved in energy metabolism during hibernation in captive, adult, female Japanese black bears (Ursus thibetanus japonicus).
TLDR
The transcriptional modulation during hibernation represents a unique physiological adaptation to prolonged fasting in bears and suggests that the modulation of gene expression is not static, but changes throughout the hibernation period.
Effects of isolation-rearing on the development of social behaviors in male Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus)
TLDR
The results suggest that post-weaning social isolation affects behavioral development without affecting testosterone and corticosterone levels, and may be regulated by different mechanisms.
Skeletal muscles of hibernating black bears show minimal atrophy and phenotype shifting despite prolonged physical inactivity and starvation
TLDR
The observations suggest that protein and energy metabolism may be altered in skeletal muscle of hibernating bears, which then may contribute to limited loss of muscle mass and efficient energy utilization.
Seasonal changes in the expression of energy metabolism-related genes in white adipose tissue and skeletal muscle in female Japanese black bears.
TLDR
In white adipose tissues, upregulation of genes involved in glyceroneogenesis, including pyruvate carboxylase and phosphoenolpyruvates carboxykinase 1 are observed, suggesting that white adipOSE tissue plays a role in the recycling of circulating free fatty acids via re-esterification.
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