Michiteru Yoshida

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Gibberellins (GAs) are essential regulators of plant development, and DELLAs are negative regulators of GA signaling. The mechanism of GA-dependent transcription has been explained by DELLA-mediated titration of transcriptional activators and their release through the degradation of DELLAs in response to GA. However, the effect of GA on genome-wide(More)
The high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein is a non-histone chromosomal protein that acts as a potent proinflammatory cytokine when actively secreted from LPS- or TNF-activated macrophages, monocytes, and other cells. Anti-HMGB1/2 antibodies have been previously identified in sera from a high proportion of patients with autoimmune diseases. In this(More)
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein plays multiple roles in transcription, replication, and cellular differentiation. HMGB1 is also secreted by activated monocytes and macrophages and passively released by necrotic or damaged cells, stimulating inflammation. HMGB1 is a novel antigen of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) observed in the sera(More)
BACKGROUND Methotrexate (MTX) is an agent used in chemotherapy of tumors and autoimmune disease including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In addition, MTX has some anti-inflammatory activity. Although dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is a well-known target for the anti-tumor effect of MTX, the mode of action for the anti-inflammatory activity of MTX is not fully(More)
In eukaryotic nuclei, transcription reactions on the chromatin are regulated by the binding of transcription regulators such as transcription factors and chromatin remodeling factors to chromatin. High-mobility-group-box (HMGB) protein family is a member of HMG super family proteins, the most abundant and ubiquitous non-histone chromatin binding proteins in(More)
We have established tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) double-positive cell lines (CCP-2, CCP-7, CCP-8) from hamster bone marrow. Accumulation of mineral deposits was observed on the dishes when the clones were cultured in McCoy's 5A medium supplemented with 20% fetal calf serum. The materials were dissolved in 0.05 N(More)
HMGB1, a nonhistone chromosomal protein in higher eukaryotic nuclei, consists of two DNA binding motifs called HMG boxes and an acidic C-tail comprising a continuous array of 30 acidic amino acid residues. In the preceding study, we showed that the acidic C-tail of HMGB1 is required for transcription stimulation accompanied by chromatin decondensation in(More)
HMGB1 is composed of two DNA-binding domains and a long acidic tail at the C-terminus. The acidic tail interacts with the DNA-binding domains of HMGB1 and with core histone H3 in the nucleosome. These interactions are important for modulation of the DNA and chromatin binding activities of HMGB1, as well as biological functions of HMGB1. However, the(More)
HMGB1 and HMGB2 are abundant nonhistone chromosomal proteins in eukaryotic organisms. Their respective primary sequences are highly conserved. Our previous studies showed that these proteins are novel autoantigens of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies in sera from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), rheumatic disease and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH).(More)
We previously reported that HMGB1, which originally binds to chromatin in a manner competitive with linker histone H1 to modulate chromatin structure, enhances both intra-molecular and inter-molecular ligations. In this paper, we found that histone H1 differentially enhances ligation reaction of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB). Histone H1 stimulated(More)