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When humans use a tool, it becomes an extension of the hand physically and perceptually. Common introspection might occur in monkeys trained in tool-use, which should depend on brain operations that constantly update and automatically integrate information about the current intrinsic (somatosensory) and the extrinsic (visual) status of the body parts and(More)
Neuronal activities of the anterior part of the inferior parietal lobule (area 7b or PF) were investigated in five awake Japanese monkeys. There were neurons which had specific combinations of receptive field (RF) locations, most typically in both the face and hand; we refer to the seas Face-Hand neurons. The most interesting property of the Face-Hand(More)
OBJECTIVE Anatomic properties of myocardial bridge (MB) are sometimes responsible for myocardial infarction (MI) through the changes in the atherosclerosis distribution in the left ascending coronary artery (LAD). The purpose of this study was to investigate histopathologic profiles of atherosclerotic lesions resulting from the MB presence in the LAD in the(More)
Earlier reports have described monkeys in their natural habitat as being capable of purposefully using tools for activities such as obtaining food. However, little is known regarding the extent of macaque monkeys' ability to understand the functional meaning of objects as tools. We have trained Japanese macaques in tool-use behavior to demonstrate their(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively analyze opacity changes near primary lung cancer tumors irradiated by using hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HSRT) to determine the presence or absence of tumor recurrence. METHODS AND MATERIALS After review-board approval for a retrospective study, we examined data from 50 patients treated with curative intent for(More)
Periostin (POSTN or osteoblast specific factor) is an extracellular matrix protein originally identified as a protein highly expressed in osteoblasts. Recently, periostin has been reported to function in axon regeneration and neuroprotection. In the present study, we focused on periostin function in cortical evolution. We performed a comparative gene(More)
Citation: Norikane A, Teixeira da Silva JA, Tanaka M. 2013. Growth of in vitro Oncidesa plantlets cultured under cold cathode fluorescent lamps with super-elevated CO 2 enrichment. Abstract. As interest in how to increase biomass production through biotechnological means gains traction, focus is turning towards the use of photoautotrophic micropropagation(More)
Endopolyploidy is typical and wide-spread in the Orchidaceae. In this study, an attempt was made to quantify the ploidy of mature callus and mature protocorm-like bodies (PLBs) of nine hybrid Cymbidium cultivars cultured in vitro, as well as different flower parts (dorsal sepal, petal, lateral sepal, labellum, pedicel, column, anther cap, stigmatic surface)(More)
BACKGROUND A myocardial bridge (MB) that partially covers the course of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) sometimes causes myocardial ischemia, primarily because of hemodynamic deterioration, but without atherosclerosis. However, the mechanism of occurrence of myocardial infarction (MI) as a result of an MB in patients with spontaneously(More)