Michio Tanaka

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In the primate postcentral gyrus, the cytoarchitectonic characteristics gradually shift from those of koniocortex to more homotypical parakoniocortex along its rostrocaudal axis. To find the physiological correlates of these changes we examined a large body of data accumulated during a series of our experiments with alert monkeys. Along the rostrocaudal(More)
When humans use a tool, it becomes an extension of the hand physically and perceptually. Common introspection might occur in monkeys trained in tool-use, which should depend on brain operations that constantly update and automatically integrate information about the current intrinsic (somatosensory) and the extrinsic (visual) status of the body parts and(More)
Earlier reports have described monkeys in their natural habitat as being capable of purposefully using tools for activities such as obtaining food. However, little is known regarding the extent of macaque monkeys' ability to understand the functional meaning of objects as tools. We have trained Japanese macaques in tool-use behavior to demonstrate their(More)
Single-neuron activities were recorded in the hindlimb region of the primary somatosensory cortex and part of area 5 in awake Japanese monkeys. A total of 1050 units were isolated from five hemispheres of four animals. Receptive fields (RFs) and submodalities were identified for 90% of isolated neurons in areas 3a and 3b. The percentage decreased as the(More)
Protocorm-like bodies (PLBs) and callus were induced in epiphytic hybrid Cymbidium Twilight Moon ‘Day Light’, where induction capacity was strongly explant dependent. Following the use of various explant sources (PLB, leaf tip or base, root tip or base, cell and tissue ‘suspension’), highest PLB formation and callus induction occurred when we used whole(More)
Previous neurophysiological studies performed in macaque monkeys have shown that the secondary somatosensory cortex (SII) is essentially engaged in the processing of somatosensory information and no other sensory input has been reported. In contrast, recent human brain-imaging studies have revealed the effects of visual and auditory stimuli on SII activity,(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively analyze opacity changes near primary lung cancer tumors irradiated by using hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HSRT) to determine the presence or absence of tumor recurrence. METHODS AND MATERIALS After review-board approval for a retrospective study, we examined data from 50 patients treated with curative intent for(More)
Neuronal activities of the anterior part of the inferior parietal lobule (area 7b or PF) were investigated in five awake Japanese monkeys. There were neurons which had specific combinations of receptive field (RF) locations, most typically in both the face and hand; we refer to the seas Face-Hand neurons. The most interesting property of the Face-Hand(More)
We present a case of a primary advanced gastric tumor that was composed of 2 different pathological components: small cell carcinoma and moderately-differentiated adenocarcinoma. The patient was still alive four years after the surgery was performed, without recurrence. A large part of the tumor consisted of a diffuse sheet of small cell carcinoma, which(More)
OBJECTIVE Anatomic properties of myocardial bridge (MB) are sometimes responsible for myocardial infarction (MI) through the changes in the atherosclerosis distribution in the left ascending coronary artery (LAD). The purpose of this study was to investigate histopathologic profiles of atherosclerotic lesions resulting from the MB presence in the LAD in the(More)