Michio Noguchi

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To investigate the precise role of Notch/Rbp-j signaling in the pancreas, we inactivated Rbp-j by crossing Rbp-j floxed mice with Pdx.cre or Rip.cre transgenic mice. The loss of Rbp-j at the initial stage of pancreatic development induced accelerated alpha and PP cell differentiation and a concomitant decrease in the number of Neurogenin3 (Ngn3)-positive(More)
Increased expression and activity of the intracellular glucocorticoid-reactivating enzyme 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11 beta-HSD1) contribute to dysfunction of adipose tissue. Although the pathophysiological role of 11 beta-HSD1 in mature adipocytes has long been investigated, its potential role in preadipocytes still remains obscure. The(More)
Notch signaling regulates cell fate determination in various tissues. We have reported the generation of mice with a pancreas-specific knockout of Rbp-j using Pdx.cre mice. Those mice exhibited premature endocrine and ductal differentiation. We now generated mice in which the Rbp-j gene was inactivated in Ptf1a-expressing cells using Ptf1a.cre mice. The(More)
We developed and analyzed two types of transgenic mice: rat insulin II promoter-ghrelin transgenic (RIP-G Tg) and rat glucagon promoter-ghrelin transgenic mice (RGP-G Tg). The pancreatic tissue ghrelin concentration measured by C-terminal radioimmunoassay (RIA) and plasma desacyl ghrelin concentration of RIP-G Tg were about 1000 and 3.4 times higher than(More)
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells were recently established from human fibroblasts. In the present study we investigated the adipogenic differentiation properties of four human iPS cell lines and compared them with those of two human embryonic stem (ES) cell lines. After 12 days of embryoid body formation and an additional 10 days of differentiation on(More)
Adipose tissue expresses all components of the renin-angiotensin system including angiotensinogen (AGT). Recent studies have highlighted a potential role of AGT in adipose tissue function and homeostasis. However, some controversies surround the regulatory mechanisms of AGT in obese adipose tissue. In this context, we here demonstrated that the AGT(More)
To assess gene expression of a membrane-bound G-protein-coupled fatty acid receptor, GPR40, in the human pancreas and islet cell tumors obtained at surgery were analyzed. The mRNA level of the GPR40 gene in isolated pancreatic islets was approximately 20-fold higher than that in the pancreas, and the level was comparable to or rather higher than that of the(More)
Macrophage infiltration in obese adipose tissue provokes local inflammation and insulin resistance. Evidence has accumulated that activation of 11beta-HSD1 in adipocytes is critically involved in dysfunction of adipose tissue. However, the potential role of 11beta-HSD1 in macrophages still remains unclear. We here demonstrate that a murine macrophage cell(More)
An 82-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes had been treated with recombinant human insulin for 16 years. She developed large swellings in both sides of her lower abdomen. The masses were soft, painless, and located around her insulin injection sites. Based on the history and clinical features, a diagnosis of insulin-induced lipohypertrophy was made. Total(More)
Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) regulates reorganization of actin cytoskeleton. During adipogenesis, the structure of filamentous actin is converted from long stress fibers to cortical actin, suggesting that the ROCK is involved in adipogenesis. Two ROCK isoforms have been identified: ROCK-I and ROCK-II. However, pharmacological inhibitors of ROCK cannot(More)