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BACKGROUND In Japan, a study comparing the effectiveness and safety of irinotecan plus S-1 (IRIS) with those of a combination of 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) as second-line treatment in patients with advanced or recurrent colorectal cancer demonstrated that IRIS was non-inferior to FOLFIRI. We previously reported that IRIS is also(More)
IFN regulatory factors (IRFs) are a family of transcription factors that play an essential role in the homeostasis and function of immune systems. Recent studies indicated that IRF-8 is critical for the development of CD11b(low)CD8alpha(+) conventional dendritic cells (DCs) and plasmacytoid DCs. Here we show that IRF-4 is important for(More)
The expression of gp91(phox), the key component of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase, is regulated by various factors binding to its proximal promoter. Two nuclear matrix attachment region (MAR)-binding proteins, special AT-rich binding protein 1 (SATB1) and CCAAT displacement protein (CDP), have been reported as rare examples of gp91(phox) gene repressors.(More)
Activated NADPH oxidase in neutrophils produces superoxide. We investigated the role of p38 MAP kinase in activating NADPH oxidase stimulated by the bacteria-derived peptide fMLP. fMLP-stimulated superoxide production was completely abolished by SB203580, a p38 MAP kinase inhibitor, whereas anisomycin, a p38 MAP kinase activator, did not induce superoxide(More)
Proteolytic modification of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) plays an important physiological role in regulating insulin-like growth factor (IGF) bioavailability. Recently, we demonstrated that matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7)/Matrilysin produced by various cancer cells catalyzes the proteolysis of IGFBP-3 in vitro and regulates IGF(More)
Deceased donor kidney transplantation in long-term dialysis patients in Japan has been increasing because of a severe lack of donors. Parathyroid glands of long-term dialysis patients often show qualitative morphological changes from diffuse to nodular hyperplasia. Only a few studies have reported the clinicopathological analysis of persistent(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a fatal disease that affects plasma cells. Patients with MM have 1 or more osteolytic lesions in their bone tissues, where insulin-like growth factors (IGFs; IGF-I and IGF-II) are mainly stored. The role of bone-derived IGFs in the development of MM has not been extensively studied because reliable animal models are lacking. We(More)
Given the advances in medical technologies related to kidney transplantation, the post-transplant graft survival rate and quality of life have improved dramatically. Nevertheless, post-transplant mortality rate still remains high as compared to the general population due to the development of cardiovascular events. It has recently been widely recognized(More)
Interferon (IFN)-gamma induces the expression of the gp91(phox) gene both during myeloid differentiation and also in mature phagocytes through several cis-elements and their binding proteins. To find new cis-elements for this induction, transient expression assays were performed using a reporter gene driven by serially truncated gp91(phox) promoters in U937(More)
Environmental stimuli, such as organ-specific growth factors, can influence the metastatic potential of a tumor. The liver is the main source of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). The importance of IGF signal in hepatic metastasis has been clarified mainly by IGF-I receptor targeting strategies. This study aims to confirm these precedent reports by novel(More)