Michio Nakamura

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IFN regulatory factors (IRFs) are a family of transcription factors that play an essential role in the homeostasis and function of immune systems. Recent studies indicated that IRF-8 is critical for the development of CD11b(low)CD8alpha(+) conventional dendritic cells (DCs) and plasmacytoid DCs. Here we show that IRF-4 is important for(More)
Many growth factors and cytokines are immobilized on the extracellular matrix (ECM) by binding to glycosaminoglycans and are stored in an inactive form in the cellular microenvironment. However, the mechanisms of ECM-bound growth factor or cytokine activation have not been well documented. We showed that the insulin-like growth factor type-1 receptor(More)
Proteolytic modification of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) plays an important physiological role in regulating insulin-like growth factor (IGF) bioavailability. Recently, we demonstrated that matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7)/Matrilysin produced by various cancer cells catalyzes the proteolysis of IGFBP-3 in vitro and regulates IGF(More)
BACKGROUND In Japan, a study comparing the effectiveness and safety of irinotecan plus S-1 (IRIS) with those of a combination of 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) as second-line treatment in patients with advanced or recurrent colorectal cancer demonstrated that IRIS was non-inferior to FOLFIRI. We previously reported that IRIS is also(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT) is a noteworthy method to treat patients with renal hyperparathyroidism (RHPT). This study was performed to enable the authors to propose appropriate indications for PEIT. METHODS The authors injected anhydrous ethanol under ultrasonographic guidance into the parathyroid glands of 74 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Infected cysts are a frequent and serious complication of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Such infections are classified into those affecting hepatic cysts and those affecting renal cysts. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical course of infected hepatic cysts with that of infected renal cysts in patients with(More)
The expression of gp91(phox), the key component of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase, is regulated by various factors binding to its proximal promoter. Two nuclear matrix attachment region (MAR)-binding proteins, special AT-rich binding protein 1 (SATB1) and CCAAT displacement protein (CDP), have been reported as rare examples of gp91(phox) gene repressors.(More)
Background. Renal hyperparathyroidism (RHPT) is a serious complication of long-term dialysis treatment. Two intervention methods can be administered to treat RHPT, namely percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT) and a parathyroidectomy (PTx). PEIT is associated with a significant adverse event, adhesion formation. This study was performed to(More)
The renal arteries normally originate from the abdominal aorta between the first and second lumbar vertebrae. The main renal artery arising from the thoracic aorta is an uncommon anomaly. Here we report a rare case of a right renal artery originating above the celiac axis. A 38-year-old male underwent computed tomographic angiography in preparation for(More)
Gp91(phox) is a key component of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase. Mutations of its promoter found in patients with chronic granulomatous disease cause deficient binding of PU.1 and HAF-1. Because the two factors bind to the same site (Pu box) of the promoter, we attempted to clarify their relative in vivo contributions to activation of the gp91(phox) promoter(More)