Michio Itasaka

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The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether brain reward function decreases during withdrawal from nicotine and methamphetamine, and whether decreased reward function is related to aversion during withdrawal from these drugs. For that purpose, male Sprague-Dawley rats were chronically infused subcutaneously with 9 mg/kg per day nicotine, or(More)
Environmental stimuli associated with nicotine act as a trigger for nicotine-seeking behavior and make it difficult to quit smoking. The trigger action might be related to the activity of the mesolimbic dopamine "reward" system. Thus, in the present study, we investigated the effects of nicotine-associated stimuli on reward seeking, assessed by current(More)
Nicotine dependence and its neural mechanisms have been well documented by pharmacological, behavioral and neuroscience studies. In this review, we introduce recent new findings in this theme, particularly on the role of nicotine -associated stimuli as non-pharmacological factors affecting maintaining/reinstating nicotine seeking. By using the techniques of(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have revealed a changed integrity in the white matter of bipolar disorder. However, only a few investigations have examined bipolar II disorder (BP-II). A cross-sectional study was conducted to compare thirty-eight patients with BP-II (mean age = 38.26 years, F/M = 19/19) with thirty-eight age- and gender-matched(More)
In the last 6 years we have treated 132 patients with varices of the lower extremities and operated on 65 of them. We came to the following conclusions: 1. Stripping of the saphenous vein with subfascial ligature of the incompetent venae communicantes is essential for the complete treatment of primary varicosity with or without ulcer. 2. Pelvic phlebography(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that drugs which promote the N-Methyl-D-aspartate-type glutamate receptor function by stimulating the glycine modulatory site in the receptor improve negative symptoms and cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia patients being treated with antipsychotic drugs. METHODS We performed a placebo-controlled double-blind crossover(More)
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