Michio Hiratani

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The urine levels of beta-phenylethylamine, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl glycol, homovanillic acid, and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid were measured to clarify the neurochemical mechanism in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. beta-Phenylethylamine levels were significantly lower in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder individuals (n = 37) than in(More)
BACKGROUND Subjects with Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) often exhibit behavioral symptoms such as aggressiveness and irritability, which are targets of psychopharmacologic intervention. This retrospective study was designed to examine children and adolescents with PDD experiencing tolerability issues with risperidone treatment, and thereby assess(More)
BACKGROUND Spatial working memory (SWM) dysfunction is a feature of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Previous studies suggested that behavioral performance in self-generated SWM improves through development in children with and without ADHD. Nevertheless, developmental changes in the neural underpinnings of self-generated SWM are unknown. (More)
BACKGROUND Subjects with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) often exhibit behavioral symptoms such as aggressiveness and irritability. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy and the tolerability of aripiprazole switched from risperidone in children and adolescents with ASD. METHODS This prospective, 12-week, open-label study included 9 male(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of polydipsia in 49 autistic children, and also the influence of psychotropic drugs and residential factors on water drinking behavior, as compared with in 89 mentally retarded children, in schools for mentally handicapped children in Fukui prefecture. Questionnaires were used to detect polydipsia and to(More)
BACKGROUND A wide range of evidence supports the methylphenidate (MPH)-induced enhancement of prefrontal cortex (PFC) functioning and improvements in behavioral symptoms in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although working memory (WM) has been hypothesized to be impaired in patients with ADHD, no pharmacological studies have(More)
BACKGROUND Child maltreatment is a major risk factor for psychopathology, including reactive attachment disorder (RAD). AIMS To examine whether neural activity during reward processing was altered in children and adolescents with RAD. METHOD Sixteen children and adolescents with RAD and 20 typically developing (TD) individuals performed tasks with high(More)
Neurophysiological characteristics in electroencephalograms (EEG) were investigated for patients with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) and for patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD). This study examined 64 PDD children and 22 AD/HD children with no history of epilepsy or progressive neurological or psychiatric disorder. We used(More)
The present study was performed to estimate the prevalence of Rett syndrome in Fukui prefecture by sending questionnaires to special classes (classes for handicapped children in schools for normal children) and schools for mentally/physically handicapped children, and observing children suspected of having this syndrome on the basis of answers to the(More)