Michio Hiratani

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The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of polydipsia in 49 autistic children, and also the influence of psychotropic drugs and residential factors on water drinking behavior, as compared with in 89 mentally retarded children, in schools for mentally handicapped children in Fukui prefecture. Questionnaires were used to detect polydipsia and to(More)
BACKGROUND A wide range of evidence supports the methylphenidate (MPH)-induced enhancement of prefrontal cortex (PFC) functioning and improvements in behavioral symptoms in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although working memory (WM) has been hypothesized to be impaired in patients with ADHD, no pharmacological studies have(More)
The urine levels of beta-phenylethylamine, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl glycol, homovanillic acid, and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid were measured to clarify the neurochemical mechanism in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. beta-Phenylethylamine levels were significantly lower in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder individuals (n = 37) than in(More)
The present study was performed to estimate the prevalence of Rett syndrome in Fukui prefecture by sending questionnaires to special classes (classes for handicapped children in schools for normal children) and schools for mentally/physically handicapped children, and observing children suspected of having this syndrome on the basis of answers to the(More)
Neurophysiological characteristics in electroencephalograms (EEG) were investigated for patients with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) and for patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD). This study examined 64 PDD children and 22 AD/HD children with no history of epilepsy or progressive neurological or psychiatric disorder. We used(More)
BACKGROUND Subjects with Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) often exhibit behavioral symptoms such as aggressiveness and irritability, which are targets of psychopharmacologic intervention. This retrospective study was designed to examine children and adolescents with PDD experiencing tolerability issues with risperidone treatment, and thereby assess(More)
BACKGROUND Child maltreatment is a major risk factor for psychopathology, including reactive attachment disorder (RAD). AIMS To examine whether neural activity during reward processing was altered in children and adolescents with RAD. METHOD Sixteen children and adolescents with RAD and 20 typically developing (TD) individuals performed tasks with high(More)
The effect of therapeutic doses of theophylline on the pituitary-thyroid axis was studied in four normal adults and in 15 asthmatic children on theophylline treatment. In the four normal adults, sustained-release theophylline was administered every 12 hr for 60 hr, and serial determinations of serum theophylline, thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3),(More)
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) share many common symptoms, including attention deficit, behavioral problems, and difficulties with social skills. The aim of this study was to distinguish between ASD and ADHD by identifying the characteristic features of both the disorders, by using(More)
We analyzed the data regarding six Japanese ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) patients from four unrelated families, at the DNA level, to search for possible common mutations in the Japanese population. Among eight mutant alleles in the four families, c. 4612del165 (exon 33 skipping) was identified in two alleles, and c. 5749A to T (R1917X), c. 7471T to C(More)