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Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) is a second messenger that releases Ca2+ from its intracellular stores. The InsP3 receptor has been purified and its cDNA has been cloned. We have found that the InsP3 receptor is identical to P400 protein, first identified as a protein enriched in cerebellar Purkinje cells. We have generated an L-fibroblast cell(More)
P400 protein is a 250 kd glycoprotein, characteristic of the cerebellum, which is accumulated at the endoplasmic reticulum, at the plasma membrane and at the post-synaptic density of Purkinje cells. In this study, we purified inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptor from mouse cerebellum and examined the possibility that P400 protein is identical with(More)
Two types of ryanodine receptors, channels for Ca2+ release from intracellular stores, are known. We detected the skeletal muscle type only in cerebellum by immunoblot analysis of microsomes and partially purified proteins. The cardiac muscle type was found in all parts of the mouse brain. Immunohistochemical study showed that the cardiac muscle type was(More)
We investigated the possibility that neuronal cells given a mild ischemic treatment sufficient to perturb the cellular metabolism acquired tolerance to a subsequent, and what would be lethal, ischemic stress in vivo. Cerebral ischemia was produced in the gerbils by occlusion of both common carotids for 5 min, which consistently resulted in delayed neuronal(More)
The developmental expression and intracellular localization of a cerebellum-characteristic 250-kDa glycoprotein, P400 protein, were studied by immunohistochemical and immunoblot methods using a monoclonal antibody against P400 protein. In the cerebellum of normal mouse, the expression of P400 protein increased from Postnatal Day 3 to Day 21. This(More)
Presynaptic injection of inositol 1,3,4,5-tetraphosphate, inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate, or inositol 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexakisphosphate--which we denote here the inositol high-polyphosphate series (IHPS)--is shown to block synaptic transmission when injected into the preterminal of the squid giant synapse. This effect is not produced by injection of(More)
IP4BP/Synaptotagmin II is an inositol-1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (IP4) or inositol polyphosphate-binding protein, which is accumulated at nerve terminals. Here we report a novel function of the C2B domain, which was originally thought to be responsible for Ca(2+)-dependent binding to phospholipid membranes. A study of deletion mutants showed that about 30(More)
P400 protein is a concanavalin A (Con A)-binding, 250-kilodalton glycoprotein characteristic of cerebellum. Extraction conditions for P400 protein were investigated, and complete solubilization of P400 protein from a submicrosomal fraction (P31 fraction) of mouse cerebellum was attained by the combination of 4% Zwittergent 3-14 and 4 M guanidinium chloride.(More)
We investigated the neuronal distribution of microtubule-associated protein 2 in gerbil brain and monitored the progression of ischemic damage immunohistochemically by using this protein as a dendritic marker. The reaction for microtubule-associated protein 2 in normal gerbil brain clearly visualized neuronal soma and dendrites but other structures such as(More)
We investigated the pathogenic role of free radical formation in ischemic neuronal death using radical scavenger, superoxide dismutase. Cerebral ischemia was produced in the gerbil by bilateral common carotid occlusion for 5 min, which consistently resulted in delayed neuronal death in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. The effects of free superoxide(More)