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The mast cell is one of the major effector cells in inflammatory reactions and can be found in most tissues throughout the body. During inflammation, an increase in the number of mast cells in the local milieu occurs, and such accumulation requires directed migration of this cell population. As it has previously been reported that the human(More)
Mammalian myeloid and epithelial cells express various peptide antibiotics (such as defensins and cathelicidins) that contribute to the innate host defense against invading microorganisms. Among these peptides, human cathelicidin CAP18/LL-37 (L(1) to S(37)) possesses not only potent antibacterial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria but(More)
Peptide antibiotics possess the potent antimicrobial activities against invading microorganisms and contribute to the innate host defense. An antibacterial cathelicidin, human cationic antibacterial protein of 18 kDa/LL-37, not only exhibits potent bactericidal activities against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, but also functions as a(More)
Antibacterial peptides function as effectors for defense in innate immunity. In mammals, they are implicated in the barrier protection of epithelia where their expression can be induced during infection and inflammation. Over a dozen of antibacterial peptides have been identified in humans. Among these, defensins and cathelicidins have been well(More)
Mammalian myeloid and epithelial cells express many antimicrobiotic peptides that contribute to innate host defense against invading microbes. In the present study, a 27-mer peptide of the C-terminal domain (hCAP18(109-135)) and analogs of the antimicrobial peptide human cathelicidin LL-37/human cationic antimicrobial protein 18 (hCAP18) were examined for(More)
Peptide antibiotics possess the potent antimicrobial activities against invading microorganisms and contribute to the innate host defense. Antimicrobial human beta-defensins (hBDs) not only exhibit potent bactericidal activities against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria but also function as immunomodulatory molecules by inducing cytokine and(More)
Peptide antibiotics possess the potent antimicrobial activities against invading microorganisms and contribute to the innate host defense. Human antimicrobial peptides, α-defensins (human neutrophil peptides, HNPs), human β-defensins (hBDs), and cathelicidin (LL-37) not only exhibit potent bactericidal activities against Gram-negative and Gram-positive(More)
Peptide antibiotics possess potent antimicrobial activities against invading micro-organisms and contribute to the innate host defense. Antimicrobial α-defensin human neutrophil peptides (HNPs) not only exhibit potent bactericidal activities against Gram-negative and -positive bacteria but also function as immunomodulatory molecules by inducing cytokine and(More)
The following workshops reported on the advancements on 1,3-β-glucan biology in terms of understanding the molecular basis for the cellular reactions induced as well as new methods for analysis and the clinical applications, particularly concerning fungal infections. The first glucan workshop was organized in 1990 with the purpose to draw attention to the(More)
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