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Various polypeptide growth factors are generally considered to be involved in the regulation of the nephrogenic process both after acute renal injury and during renal development. Because platelet-derived growth factor B-chain (PDGF-B) has been reported to be expressed in immature tubulus of the developing kidney, PDGF-B could play a role in the process of(More)
Novel neuropeptides acting as G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ligands are known to be localized in the brain and play a range of physiologic functions, one of which is feeding regulation. We describe the distribution and localization of these recently identified GPCR ligands and review their involvement in neuronal networks, particularly in feeding(More)
Neuropeptide W (NPW), which was recently isolated from the porcine hypothalamus, has been identified as the endogenous ligand of the orphan G protein-coupled receptors GPR7 (NPBWR1) and GPR8 (NPBWR2). Infusion of NPW increases food intake in the light phase, whereas in the dark phase, it has the opposite effect. In this study, we used RT-PCR analysis to(More)
Human epidemiological evidence has led scientists to theorize that undernutrition during gestation is an important early origin of adult diseases. Animal models have successfully demonstrated that maternal diet could contribute to some adult diseases. Undernutrition is perceived harmful in pregnant women, whereas calorie restriction is a strategy proven to(More)
Both proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and ghrelin peptides are implicated in the feeding regulation. The synaptic relationships between POMC- and ghrelin-containing neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus were studied using double-immunostaining methods at the light and electron microscope levels. Many POMC-like immunoreactive axon terminals were found to be(More)
Feeding polyamine-deficient chow (PDC) to rats decreases blood polyamines, increases the activity of ornithine decarboxylase as an index of polyamine production, and increases resistance to Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (Wellcome strain) (WS) infection. In this study, we investigated the influence on cytokine and nitric oxide (NO) production of feeding PDC(More)
  • M Yagi
  • 1984
The capacity of oxidation of benzo(a)pyrene (BP) and its analog to be oxidized by peroxidases in several tissues has been studied. The kinetics of the horseradish peroxidase (HRP) oxidation of BP and 7,8-dihydro-7,8-dihydroxy benzo(a)pyrene (BP-7,8-diol) were examined. Effective ratios of H2O2 and HRP for catalytic oxidation were 13.74 for BP and 4.58 for(More)
  • M Yagi
  • 1979
Tryptophan-p-1 (trp-p-1) and p-2, which have high mutagenic and carcinogenic potential, are oxidized by catalase- and horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-H2O2 intermediates with optimum pH 5.9 (0.2 M-acetate) in catalase and pH 5.0 (0.2 M-acetate), 8.0 (0.01 M-phosphate) in HRP. The rate constants (k4) of the oxidation in the catalase at pH 5.9 (0.2 M-acetate)(More)