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Light has been used to noninvasively alter the excitability of both neural and cardiac tissue 1-10. Recently, pulsed laser light has been shown to be capable of eliciting action potentials in peripheral nerves and in cultured cardiomyocytes 7-10. Here, we demonstrate for the first time optical pacing (OP) of an intact heart in vivo. Pulsed 1.875 μm infrared(More)
This paper proposes two methods that give intelligence to automatically guided vehicles (AGVs). In order to drive AGVs autonomously, two types of problem occur to overcome. They are the AGV's navigation problem and collision avoidance problem. The first problem has been well known since 1980's. A new method based on the feature scene recognition and(More)
Nicaraven is an agent that is especially beneficial in vasospasm or brain damage caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage. It ameliorates neurological deficits of patients and protects the central nervous system from ischemia. We investigated the neuroprotective effect of nicaraven against oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) induced or N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA)(More)
Analyses of form-function relationships during heart looping are directly related to technological advances. Recent advances in four-dimensional optical coherence tomography (OCT) permit observations of cardiac dynamics at high-speed acquisition rates and high resolution. Real-time observation of the avian stage 13 looping heart reveals that interactions(More)
Corpus based studies of spontaneous speech showed that filled pauses tended to precede relatively long and complex constituents. We examined whether listeners made use of such a tendency in speech processing. We tested the hypothesis that when listeners heard filled pauses they tended to expect a relatively long and complex phrase to follow. In the(More)
Recently, we found that mutation of the C-terminus of transcription factor hexamethylene bisacetamide-inducible protein 1 (HEXIM1) in mice leads to abnormalities in cardiovascular development because of aberrant vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. HEXIM1 regulation of some genes has also been shown to be positive transcription elongation(More)
Accurate imaging and measurement of hemodynamic forces is vital for investigating how physical forces acting on the embryonic heart are transduced and influence developmental pathways. Of particular importance is blood flow-induced shear stress, which influences gene expression by endothelial cells and potentially leads to congenital heart defects through(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious condition usually detected some time after onset by changes in serum creatinine (sCr). Although stent grafting to repair aortic aneurysms is associated with AKI caused by surgical procedures or the use of contrast agents, early biomarkers for AKI have not been adequately examined in stent graft(More)