Learn More
Cited2 is a transcriptional modulator with pivotal roles in different biological processes. Cited2-deficient mouse embryos manifested two major defects in the developing eye. An abnormal corneal-lenticular stalk was characteristic of Cited2(-/-) developing eyes, a feature reminiscent of Peters' anomaly, which can be rescued by increased Pax6 gene dosage in(More)
The embryonic outflow tract is a simple tubular structure that connects the single primitive ventricle with the aortic sac and aortic arch arteries. This structure undergoes a complex sequence of morphogenetic processes to become the portion of the heart that aligns the right and left ventricles with the pulmonary artery and aorta. Abnormalities of the(More)
Apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain is expressed at high levels in brain and myogenic tissues, consistent with a role to inhibit apoptosis in the terminally differentiated cells. Expression of ARC in cancers is not known. In this study, we reported that ARC was highly expressed in various non-myogenic and non-neurogenic human and rat cancer(More)
Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) initiates key cellular and tissue responses to physiological and pathological hypoxia. Evidence from in vitro and structural analyses supports a critical role for Cited2 in down-regulating HIF-1-mediated transcription by competing for binding with oxygen-sensitive HIF-1alpha to transcriptional co-activators CBP/p300. We(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant glioma is one of the most intractable diseases in the human body. Rho-kinase (ROCK) is overexpressed and has been proposed as the main cause for the refractoriness of the disease. Since efficacious treatment is required, this study investigated the effect of inhibition of ROCK isoforms. MATERIALS AND METHODS The short hairpin RNA(More)
Programmed cell death or apoptosis occurs in many tissues during normal development and in the normal homeostasis of adult tissues. Apoptosis also plays a significant role in abnormal development and disease. Increased interest in apoptosis and cell death in general has resulted in the development of new techniques and the revival of old ones. Each assay(More)
Hemodynamics is thought to play a major role in heart development, yet tools to quantitatively assess hemodynamics in the embryo are sorely lacking. The especially challenging analysis of hemodynamics in the early embryo requires new technology. Small changes in blood flow could indicate when anomalies are initiated even before structural changes can be(More)
The role of apoptosis in cardiac morphogenesis has not been directly tested. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis is prevalent during the remodeling of the embryonic chicken cardiac outflow tract (OFT) in the transition from a single to a dual circulation. We tested the hypothesis that OFT cardiomyocyte apoptosis drives the shortening and rotation of the embryonic(More)
OBJECTIVES Recombinant retroviral vectors have been shown to be useful tools for marking cells so as to follow their fates during development. The aim of this study was to determine the utility and advantages of an adenoviral vector as a tool to study the heart as it develops from a simple tube into a complex four-chambered organ. METHODS(More)
Cited2 is a cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CBP)/p300 interacting transcriptional modulator and a proposed negative regulator for hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha through its competitive binding with HIF-1alpha to CBP/p300. Disruption of the gene encoding Cited2 is embryonic lethal because of defects in the development of heart and neural(More)