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To facilitate the development of transgenic grapevines that are resistant to grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV), grapevine leafroll-associated closterovirus (GLRaV-3) and crown gall diseases, we developed a rapid system for regenerating root-stocks: Couderc 3309, Vitis riparia ‘Gloire de Montpellier’, Teleki 5C, Millardet et De Grasset 101-14, and 110 Richter(More)
Four new triterpenes, together with 16 known triterpenes, were isolated from the floral spikes of Betula platyphylla var. japonica in a search for compounds capable of reversing multidrug resistance in cancer cells. The structures of the new triterpenes were elucidated as 3,4-seco-olean-4(23),13(18)-dien-3-oic acid (1), 3,4-seco-urs-4(23),20(30)-dien-3-oic(More)
Oxidative stress plays a key role in the pathophysiologic process of acute and chronic renal diseases. Intracellular component such as lipids, proteins and nucleic acids are easily and rapidly oxidized by excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS), and such reactions lead to increased levels of lipid peroxide. The present study examined the antioxidant effects(More)
A traditional Japanese herbal (Kampo) medicine, Hochuekkito (Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang in Chinese, TJ-41) is a well-known Kampo formula, and has been found to enhance antigen-specific antibody response in not only local mucosal immune system in upper respiratory tract, but also systemic immune system through upper respiratory mucosal immune system. Although this(More)
The ethyl acetate-soluble fraction from a MeOH extract of the roots of Ferula varia gave six new sesquiterpene lactones (1-6) and five known sesquiterpenes (7-11). Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. The cytotoxic activities of 1-11 were evaluated against selected human cancer cell lines. Compound 4 showed significant(More)
Chromone glucosides, takanechromones A-C (1, 2 and 5) and chromanone glucosides, named takanechromanones A and B (3 and 4), were isolated from the methanolic extracts of Hypericumsikokumontanum together with 27 known compounds. Their structures were established based on spectroscopic evidence. The isolated compounds and some chromone derivatives were(More)
Biyouyanagiol (1), an acylphloroglucinol-related compound having a unique cyclopenta-1,3-dione moiety, was isolated from a Japanese traditional medicinal plant, Hypericum chinense, together with three new spiro-lactone-related derivatives, biyouyanagin B (2), 5,6-dihydrohyperolactone D (3), and 4-hydroxyhyperolactone D (4). Their structures were established(More)
3-O-Acyl-betulin and -dihydrobetulin derivatives were prepared and evaluated for anti-HIV activity. 3-O-Glutaryl-dihydrobetulin (17) demonstrated extremely potent anti-HIV activity with an EC(50) value of 2 x 10(-5) microM and a TI value of 1.12 x 10(6). 3-O-(3',3'-Dimethylsuccinyl)- and 3-O-(3',3'-dimethylglutaryl)-dihydrobetulins (15, 16) were also potent(More)
Forty-one derivatives of papyriferic acid were prepared based on our previous finding that methyl papyriferate (3) showed potent reversing effect on cytotoxicity of colchicine against multidrug resistance (MDR) human cancer cells (KB-C2), and evaluated for their cytotoxicity and effect on reversing P-gp-mediated MDR against KB-C2 cells.(More)
Wen-Pi-Tang, a traditional Chinese prescription, has been widely used for the treatment of patients with moderate chronic renal failure in China. Although the protective effect of Wen-Pi-Tang on peroxynitrite (ONOO(-))-induced renal tubular epithelial LLC-PK(1) cell damage was elucidated in our previous research, the active components of Wen-Pi-Tang have(More)