Michiko Sato

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In order to improve orthopedic implant performance, the objective of this in vitro study was to synthesize nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (HA) powders to coat titanium. HA was synthesized through a wet chemical process. The precipitated powders were either sintered at 1100 degrees C for 1h in order to produce UltraCap HA (or microcrystalline size HA) or(More)
To improve the mechanical properties of hydroxyapatite (HA, Ca(10)(PO(4))(6)(OH)(2)) for orthopedic applications, numerous investigators have proposed combining HA with high strength materials, specifically zirconia. Despite the fact that, compared to pure HA, it is now well-established that zirconia and HA composites have improved mechanical properties,(More)
Bulk hydroxyapatite (HA) and titania have been used to improve the osseointegration of orthopedic implants. For this reason, composites of HA and titania have been receiving increased attention in orthopedics as novel coating materials. The objective of this in vitro study was to produce nanophase (i.e., materials with grain size less than 100 nm)(More)
In an effort to develop better orthopedic implants, osteoblast (bone-forming cells) adhesion was determined on microscale patterns (30 microm lines) of carbon nanofibers placed on polymer substrates. Patterns of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) on a model polymer (polycarbonate urethane [PCU]) were developed using an imprinting method that placed CNFs in selected(More)
Better materials are needed to promote bone growth. For this reason, the present study created nanometer crystalline hydroxyapatite (HA) and amorphous calcium phosphate compacts functionalized with the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide sequence. Crystalline HA and amorphous calcium phosphate nanoparticles were synthesized by a wet chemical(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Increased susceptibility to gastric mucosal injury is observed in portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG). In this study, the effects of zinc L-carnosine, an anti-ulcer drug, were evaluated on expression of heat shock protein (hsp) 72 and cytoprotection in gastric mucosa in a rat model of PHG. METHODS Portal hypertensive gastropathy with(More)
Nanotechnology involves the use of materials with components, such as fibers, grains and particles, that have dimensions of less than 100 nm. While numerous advantages of nanomaterials have been elucidated for catalytic, processing, mechanical, electrical, and optical applications, few have been described for orthopedic applications. Better orthopedic(More)
AIM Suramin is a symmetrical polysulfonated naphthylamine derivative of urea. There have been few studies on the effect of suramin on cytokines. We examined the effects of suramin on production of inflammatory cytokines. METHODS We made an acute liver injury model treated with d-galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Plasma AST, ALT, tumor(More)
Genipin is a metabolite derived from the herbal medicine Inchinko-to. Little is known about the mechanism of genipin action on acute liver injury through inflammatory cytokines. We examined the effects of genipin on production of TNF-alpha in vivo and in vitro. Mice were given GalN/LPS with or without genipin treatment. All mice not given genipin died(More)
Sol-gel processing was used to coat titanium substrates with hydroxyapatite (HA), TiO2, and poly(DL-lactic-glycolic acid). Coating surface characteristics were analyzed with XRD, EDS, AFM, SEM, and water contact angle measurements which indicated that the coatings had a high degree of crystallinity and good resistance to cracking. Coatings were also(More)