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It has been shown that nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized in the central nervous system as well as in vascular endothelial cells. However, the physiological role of NO in cardiovascular regulation by the central nervous system remains unclear. This objective of this study was to examine the possibility that NO plays a role in neural transmission in the(More)
Animal studies suggest that some angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors augment endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation. We aimed to determine if captopril augments endothelium-dependent vasodilation in middle-aged hypertensive patients. By using strain-gauge plethysmography, forearm vasodilation evoked with intra-arterial acetylcholine (4, 8, 16, and 24(More)
An orally effective, nonpeptide vasopressin V1 receptor antagonist, OPC-21268 was produced for possible human use. We investigated the effects of OPC-21268 on the vascular effects of intra-arterially infused arginine vasopressin in human forearm vessels. The brachial artery was cannulated for drug infusions and direct measurement of arterial pressure.(More)
To elucidate the role of monocytes in the cytokine system in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), we examined the time courses of plasma concentrations and generation capacities of monocyte-related cytokines in 17 consecutive patients with uncomplicated AMI (from day 1 to 28) and in 10 control subjects. The concentrations of monocyte-related cytokines were(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokines play an important role in mediating inflammatory-proliferative responses, including atherosclerosis. Alterations in the plasma levels of cytokines in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) remain to be examined. OBJECTIVE To examine the possible alterations in the plasma levels of cytokines in patients with IHD and in controls. (More)
This study was designed to investigate the effects of L-arginine (the substrate of endothelium-derived nitric oxide) in human forearm vessels. We examined whether intra-arterial infusion of L-arginine dilated forearm vessels and augmented vasodilatory responses to acetylcholine in young, healthy humans. The left brachial artery was cannulated for drug(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to produce a model of low output congestive heart failure by rapid pacing in rabbits. METHODS To perform rapid pacing in rabbits, a custom made pacemaker was developed which is light (about 80 g) and can pace at up to 400 beats.min-1 for more than two weeks. A thoracotomy was done and two electrodes were sutured onto the left(More)
It has been shown that endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in response to muscarinic stimulation is attenuated in patients as well as animals with heart failure. This study aimed to determine if endothelium-dependent forearm vasodilation evoked with substance P (SP) as well as acetylcholine (ACh) was impaired in patients with heart failure. Forearm blood(More)
1. The aim of this study was to examine whether arginine vasopressin modulates the vasoconstricting action of phenylephrine in human forearms. 2. In seven healthy subjects, we determined the percentage increases in forearm vascular resistance evoked by intra-arterial infusion of phenylephrine at graded doses during simultaneous intra-arterial infusion of(More)
We examined the role of central GABAergic mechanisms in salt-induced hypertension and exaggerated responses to stress in borderline hypertensive rats (BHR), the first offspring of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). The studies were done in conscious BHR and WKY on high (H) (8% NaCl) or normal (N) (0.3% NaCl) salt diets for 5(More)