Michiko Iwase

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Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a proinflammatory cytokine produced by T cells. The involvement of IL-17 in human diseases has been suspected because of its detection in sera from asthmatic patients and synovial fluids from arthritic patients. In this study, we generated IL-17-deficient mice and investigated the role of IL-17 in various disease models. We found(More)
The natural anticoagulant-activated protein C may inhibit inflammation and fibrosis in the lung. Platelet-derived growth factor is involved in the pathogenesis of lung fibrosis. This study assessed the effect of activated protein C on platelet-derived growth factor expression in human cell lines and in an in vivo model of lung fibrosis. Activated protein C(More)
Prepublished online November 6, 2003; Tatsuya Hayashi, Michael Kasper, Peter J Barnes and Koji Suzuki Junko Maruyama, Masahiko Izumizaki, Michiko Iwase, Ikuo Homma, Ryo Inoue, Haruhiko Kamada, Fujimoto, Shigenori Tamaki, Kimiaki Nishikubo, Kenji Fukudome, Corina N D'Alessandro-Gabazza, Hisamichi Yuda, Yukihiko Adachi, Osamu Taguchi, Esteban C Gabazza, Osamu(More)
Distribution of histamine-like immunoreactive (HA-LI) neurons in the rabbit brain stem was demonstrated by histamine antiserum. A number of HA-LI cell bodies were localized in the tuberomammillary nucleus of the posterior hypothalamus. A dense to moderate amount of HA-LI fibers was found distributed in the raphe nuclei, the inferior olive, the nucleus of(More)
The effects of high-frequency airway inflation (HFI) and high-frequency airway deflation (HFD) generated by a triangular pressure pulse generator on pulmonary mechanoreceptors were examined. The cross-correlograms between vagal afferent impulses from the slowly adapting (SAR) and the rapidly adapting receptors (RAR) and the HFI or the HFD pulses were(More)
IL-1 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine consisted of two molecular species, IL-1alpha and IL-1beta, and the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is a natural inhibitor of both molecules. Although it is suggested that IL-1 potentiates immune responses mediated by T(h)2 cells, the role of IL-1 in asthma still remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that the(More)
The release of histamine (HA) from the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVL), the raphe nuclei (nR), and the solitary nucleus (nTS) was investigated in anesthetized rabbits using microdialysis and high-performance liquid chromatography. HA release upon electrical stimulation of the posterior hypothalamus (PH), where histaminergic cell bodies are located, was(More)
Asthma is one of the most common diseases and is characterized by airway obstruction, airway inflammation, and increased airway responsiveness. Glucocorticoids are very effective in treatment, but their long-term use is associated with several side effects, so that new anti-inflammatory drugs are in development. Activated protein C (APC) is a serine(More)
The oxygen affinity of hemoglobin is critical for gas exchange in the lung and O(2) delivery in peripheral tissues. In the present study, we generated model mice that carry low affinity hemoglobin with the Titusville mutation in the alpha-globin gene or Presbyterian mutation in the beta-globin gene. The mutant mice showed increased O(2) consumption and(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies suggest a role for angiogenesis in the development and persistence of chronic asthma, but whether angiogenic mediators contribute to acute asthma has not been fully studied. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate a role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a major angiogenic and proinflammatory mediator, in(More)