Michiko Iwase

Learn More
The role of central histamine in the hypoxic ventilatory response was examined in conscious wild-type (WT) and histamine type1 receptor-knockout (H1RKO) mice. Hypoxic gas (7% O(2) and 3% CO(2) in N(2)) exposure initially increased and then decreased ventilation, referred to as hypoxic ventilatory decline (HVD). The initial increase in ventilation did not(More)
Asthma is one of the most common diseases and is characterized by airway obstruction, airway inflammation, and increased airway responsiveness. Glucocorticoids are very effective in treatment, but their long-term use is associated with several side effects, so that new anti-inflammatory drugs are in development. Activated protein C (APC) is a serine(More)
Ventilation oscillates throughout a day in parallel with oscillations in metabolic rate. Histamine affects ventilation and the balance of the energy metabolism via H1 receptors in the brain. We tested the hypothesis that the ventilatory response to hypoxia varies between light and dark periods and that histamine H1 receptors are required for the circadian(More)
Central histaminergic neurons are distributed in areas of the medulla and pons concerned with respiratory rhythm generation, but their effects on breathing pattern are unknown. We examined breathing pattern during hypercapnic responses in wild type (WT) and H1 receptor knockout (H1RKO) mice at 9-10 weeks of age before and after vagotomy. Minute ventilation(More)
Breathing patterns are influenced by body temperature. However, the central mechanism for changes of breathing patterns is unknown. We previously showed that central histamine contributed to temperature-induced polypnea in mice (Izumizaki, M., Iwase, M., Homma, I., Yanai, K., Watanabe, T. and Watanabe, T., Central histamine contributed to the(More)
Distribution of histamine-like immunoreactive (HA-LI) neurons in the rabbit brain stem was demonstrated by histamine antiserum. A number of HA-LI cell bodies were localized in the tuberomammillary nucleus of the posterior hypothalamus. A dense to moderate amount of HA-LI fibers was found distributed in the raphe nuclei, the inferior olive, the nucleus of(More)
We previously showed that stimulation of the posterior hypothalamus decreases tracheal tension and involves central histaminergic neurons. In the present study, we reveal that central histaminergic neurons project to the rostral ventrolateral medulla and affect cervical sympathetic nervous activity in rabbits. Administration of histamine into the fourth(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether intestinal glucoreceptors participate in the regulation of pancreatic islet blood flow. For this purpose, anesthetized rats were infused (0.1 ml/min for 3 min) with saline, glucose, or 3-O-methylglucose directly into the duodenum. The glucose (1 mg/kg body wt) infusion rate was chosen to prevent any effects on(More)
The release of histamine (HA) from the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVL), the raphe nuclei (nR), and the solitary nucleus (nTS) was investigated in anesthetized rabbits using microdialysis and high-performance liquid chromatography. HA release upon electrical stimulation of the posterior hypothalamus (PH), where histaminergic cell bodies are located, was(More)
The distribution and ultrastructure of thyrotropin-releasing hormone-like immunoreactive (TRH-LI) neurons were examined in rabbit medulla oblongata. TRH-LI cell bodies were located in the ventral region of the medulla oblongata: in the paraolivary and parapyramidal regions, regions in and around the pyramidal tract, the dorsolateral region of the lateral(More)