Learn More
The Sherpas' adaptation to high altitude has been hypothesized as being due to a genetic basis since the beginning of the last century, but this has yet to be demonstrated. We randomly enrolled 105 Sherpas in Namche Bazaar (3440 m) and 111 non-Sherpa Nepalis in Kathmandu (1330 m) in Nepal. The genotypes of Glu298Asp and eNOS4b/a polymorphisms of the(More)
INTRODUCTION Thymic carcinoma is a rare epithelial neoplasm that tends to be aggressive and metastasize widely. The optimal chemotherapy for unresectable advanced thymic carcinoma has not yet been established because of its rare occurrence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin,(More)
OBJECTIVE Sherpas are well-known for their physical strength at high altitudes. They adapt to high altitude so well that little acute or chronic mountain sickness has been documented in them. The possible genetic basis for this adaptation is, however, unclear. The objective of this study was to elucidate the genetic background underlying this characteristic(More)
Sherpas comprise a population of Tibetan ancestry in the Himalayan region that is renowned for its mountaineering prowess. The very small amount of available genetic information for Sherpas is insufficient to explain their physiological ability to adapt to high-altitude hypoxia. Recent genetic evidence has indicated that natural selection on the endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Based on the reported biological properties and function of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in hypoxic conditions, many investigations have studied the hypothesis that VEGF has an important role in the pathogenesis of high altitude sicknesses, including high-altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE). Unfortunately, the results are(More)
A polymeric crosslinker was developed to promote the formation of cellular spheroids. Our approach was based on the crosslinking of cell membrane using a polymeric crosslinker that worked via hydrophobic interaction. The crosslinker, a poly(ethylene glycol) derivative with oleyl groups as a hydrophobic group at both ends, was synthesized and characterized(More)
OBJECTIVE The transforming growth factor beta-1 gene (TGFB1) is one of the most promising candidate genes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Several case-control studies have been performed and generated inconsistent results. The possible reasons for these discrepancies include the diversity of ethnic populations and the heterogeneity of(More)
Worsening gas exchange during exercise and during exacerbations of COPD contributes to systemic hypoxaemia and reduces quality of life. However, pulmonary haemodynamic changes under such conditions are not well understood. Right heart catheterization was performed in six patients with severe COPD (%FEV(1) < 50%) during rest, exercise and during an(More)
Post-intubation tracheal stenosis is usually caused by pressure necrosis at the cuff. Despite the fact that this phenomenon is well known and both large volume and low pressure cuffs have been developed, this lesion nevertheless continues to occur. Although the best results for tracheal reconstruction are obtained by an experienced surgeon, not all patients(More)
INTRODUCTION High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a hypoxia-induced, life-threatening, high permeability type of edema attributable to pulmonary capillary stress failure. Genome-wide association analysis is necessary to better understand how genetics influence the outcome of HAPE. MATERIALS AND METHODS DNA samples were collected from 53 subjects(More)