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The Sherpas' adaptation to high altitude has been hypothesized as being due to a genetic basis since the beginning of the last century, but this has yet to be demonstrated. We randomly enrolled 105 Sherpas in Namche Bazaar (3440 m) and 111 non-Sherpa Nepalis in Kathmandu (1330 m) in Nepal. The genotypes of Glu298Asp and eNOS4b/a polymorphisms of the(More)
INTRODUCTION Thymic carcinoma is a rare epithelial neoplasm that tends to be aggressive and metastasize widely. The optimal chemotherapy for unresectable advanced thymic carcinoma has not yet been established because of its rare occurrence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin,(More)
OBJECTIVE The transforming growth factor beta-1 gene (TGFB1) is one of the most promising candidate genes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Several case-control studies have been performed and generated inconsistent results. The possible reasons for these discrepancies include the diversity of ethnic populations and the heterogeneity of(More)
Worsening gas exchange during exercise and during exacerbations of COPD contributes to systemic hypoxaemia and reduces quality of life. However, pulmonary haemodynamic changes under such conditions are not well understood. Right heart catheterization was performed in six patients with severe COPD (%FEV(1) < 50%) during rest, exercise and during an(More)
INTRODUCTION High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a hypoxia-induced, life-threatening, high permeability type of edema attributable to pulmonary capillary stress failure. Genome-wide association analysis is necessary to better understand how genetics influence the outcome of HAPE. MATERIALS AND METHODS DNA samples were collected from 53 subjects(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Based on the reported biological properties and function of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in hypoxic conditions, many investigations have studied the hypothesis that VEGF has an important role in the pathogenesis of high altitude sicknesses, including high-altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE). Unfortunately, the results are(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that bronchoscopy-guided, internally cooled radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in normal sheep lung was a safe, effective, and feasible procedure without major complications. PURPOSES The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, effectiveness, and feasible conditions of bronchoscopy-guided, internally cooled RFA as a(More)
A polymeric crosslinker was developed to promote the formation of cellular spheroids. Our approach was based on the crosslinking of cell membrane using a polymeric crosslinker that worked via hydrophobic interaction. The crosslinker, a poly(ethylene glycol) derivative with oleyl groups as a hydrophobic group at both ends, was synthesized and characterized(More)
A 29-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of hemoptysis and dyspnea. A chest radiographic study revealed an enlargement of the right lung hilum, and the left pulmonary artery could not be clearly visualized on contrast-enhanced CT scan. Both perfusion scintigraphy and pulmonary angiography confirmed the absence of the left pulmonary artery,(More)
Chronic ethanol consumption induces liver diseases, such as alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis. The enhancement of alcohol oxidation is important in the prevention of these liver diseases. Chronic supplementation with branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) prevents liver cirrhosis. Therefore, BCAAs may be associated with enhanced ethanol oxidation. To evaluate(More)