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Four new chromone derivatives, 5-hydroxy-6-methoxy-2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone (1), 6-hydroxy-2-(2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl)chromone (2), 8-chloro-2-(2-phenylethyl)-5,6,7-trihydroxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrochromone (3), 6,7-dihydroxy-2-(2-phenylethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrochromone (4) were isolated from the MeOH extract of withered wood of Aquilaria sinensis, together(More)
The resinous portions of Aquilaria plants, called agarwood, have been used as medicines and incenses. Agarwood contains a great variety of sesquiterpenes, and a study using cultured cells of Aquilaria showed the production of sesquiterpenes (α-guaiene, α-humulene, and δ-guaiene) to be induced by treatment with methyl jasmonate (MJ). In this study, the(More)
From the whole plant of Dracocephalum kotschyi BOISS., two new monoterpene glycosides (9, 10), together with seven known terpenoids and a phytosterol (1-8), were isolated. Their structures were determined to be limonen-10-al (1), geranial (2), neral (3), beta-sitosterol (4), oleanolic acid (5), ursolic acid (6), p-mentha-8-en-1,2-diol (7), colosolic acid(More)
Isoprenoids, major secondary metabolites in many organisms, are utilized in various applications. We constructed a model photosynthetic production system for limonene, a volatile isoprenoid, using a unicellular cyanobacterium that expresses the plant limonene synthase. This system produces limonene photosynthetically at a nearly constant rate and that can(More)
Geraniol synthases were isolated from five pure strains of Perilla citriodora and Perilla frutescens which vary in essential oil type, the main compounds of which were citral, elsholtziaketone, perillaketone, and perillene, respectively. This result supports the putative biosynthetic pathways of these three furylalkenes which are all produced by way of(More)
The chemical characteristics of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. were investigated at a habitat in Uzbekistan. HPLC analysis of the underground parts indicated that glycyrrhizin contents varied from 3.3 to 6.1% of dry weight, and that glabridin, a species-specific flavonoid for G. glabra, was detected in all underground samples (0.08-0.35% of dry weight). HPLC(More)
Cytochrome P450 mono-oxygenases from peppermint, spearmint and perilla (all members of the family Lamiaceae) mediate the regiospecific hydroxylation of the parent olefin (-)-limonene to produce essential oil components oxygenated at C3, C6 and C7, respectively. Cloning, expression and mutagenesis of cDNAs encoding the peppermint limonene-3-hydroxylase and(More)
Microtoena patchoulii (Labiatae) is a perennial herb that grows in southern China. In the present study, the sedative activity of the essential oil of the leaves was evaluated using mice when the volatile oil was administered by inhalation. The inhalation of the oil by mice significantly reduced the spontaneous motor activity. Fractionation of the oil(More)
Two new stilbene derivatives, (E)-resveratrol 3-(6' '-galloyl)-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1) and (E)-resveratrol 3-(4' '-acetyl)-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside (2), and five known stilbene derivatives (3-7) were isolated from the dried aerial parts of Calligonum leucocladum. Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. Compound 1 showed(More)
Two new polyprenylated benzophenones, a new polyprenylated phloroglucinol, and six new xanthone derivatives were isolated from the aerial parts of the Uzbekistan medicinal plant Hypericum scabrum. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. The isolated compounds showed moderate cytotoxicity for human tumor cells.