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Cinacalcet HCl, an allosteric modulator of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaR), has recently been approved for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis, due to its suppressive effect on parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion. Although cinacalcet's effects in patients with primary and secondary(More)
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH), characterized by renal phosphate wasting, is the most common cause of vitamin D-resistant rickets. It has been postulated that some phosphaturic factor plays a causative role in XLH and its murine homolog, the Hyp mouse. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a physiological phosphaturic factor; its circulatory level is(More)
Parathyroid cell hyperplasia is commonly observed in patients with chronic renal insufficiency and largely accounts for refractory secondary hyperparathyroidism. Calcimimetics are newly synthesized compounds that activate a calcium receptor on the parathyroid cell and can suppress parathyroid hormone secretion. The calcimimetic compound AMG 073 has been(More)
BACKGROUND Secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a physiologic response to kidney failure characterized by elevated serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and parathyroid gland enlargement. Calcimimetic agents acting through allosteric modification of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) can attenuate parathyroid hyperplasia(More)
Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), an atherogenic component of oxidized low-density lipoprotein, has been shown to induce the attenuation of endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation. Although benidipine, a dihydropyridine-calcium channel blocker, is known to have endothelial protective effects, the effects of benidipine on LPC-induced endothelial dysfunction(More)
High serum parathyroid hormone levels are associated with vascular calcification. Cinacalcet is a calcimimetic agent that inhibits parathyroid hormone secretion and is used to treat patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. Here we measured the effects of oral cinacalcet on calcification of the aorta and heart in rats with a remnant kidney (5/6(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary phosphate restriction prevents renal function deterioration in animal models. This study examined whether sevelamer hydrochloride (Renagel(R); 'sevelamer' hereafter), a non-calcaemic phosphate binder could slow deterioration of renal function in rats with progressive renal insufficiency. METHODS Wistar Kyoto male rats were singly(More)
Clinical studies have been performed to determine the effect of cinacalcet HCl (cinacalcet), an allosteric modulator of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaR), on primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and secondary hyperparathyroidism of uremia (SHPT). However, no in vitro studies on human parathyroid cells have been reported to date. In this study, the inhibitory(More)
The mutagenic effects of the trihalomethanes (THMs: chloroform, CHCl3; dichlorobromomethane, CHCl2Br; dibromochloromethane, CHClBr2; bromoform, CHBr3), found in chlorinated drinking water have been studied for their ability to induce chromosome aberrations (CA) in vivo in rat bone marrow cells. THMs were administered intraperitoneally (i.p. acute) and(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary phosphate restriction suppresses parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion, synthesis, and parathyroid cell proliferation in experimental animals with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI), independently of serum calcium and 1,25(OH)2D3 levels. This study was conducted to examine whether sevelamer hydrochloride (sevelamer), a metal-free phosphate(More)