Michihiro Matsumoto

Learn More
Reduced food intake brings about an adaptive decrease in energy expenditure that contributes to the recidivism of obesity following weight loss. Insulin and leptin inhibit food intake through actions in the central nervous system that are partly mediated by FoxO1. We show that FoxO1 ablation in pro–opiomelanocortin (Pomc) neurons (Pomc–Foxo1 −/−) reduces(More)
In the liver, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) plays an important role in the suppression of gluconeogenic enzyme expression. While obesity-associated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been shown to increase hepatic gluconeogenic enzyme expression, the role of ER stress in STAT3-dependent regulation of such expression is(More)
OBJECTIVE Endoplasmic reticulum stress increases macrophage apoptosis, contributing to the complications of atherosclerosis. Insulin-resistant macrophages are more susceptible to endoplasmic reticulum stress-associated apoptosis probably contributing to macrophage death and necrotic core formation in atherosclerotic plaques in type 2 diabetes. However, the(More)
OBJECTIVE Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among people with diabetes. Generation of oxidized LDLs and reduced nitric oxide (NO) availability because of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) dysfunction are critical events in atherosclerotic plaque formation. Biochemical mechanism leading from hyperglycemia to oxLDL formation(More)
Glucose intolerance in type 2 diabetes is related to enhanced hepatic glucose production (HGP) due to the increased expression of hepatic gluconeogenic enzymes. Previously, we revealed that hepatic STAT3 decreases the expression of hepatic gluconeogenic enzymes and suppresses HGP. Here, we show that increased plasma histidine results in hepatic STAT3(More)
The evaluation strategy (abbr. the E-strategy) initiated by OBJ2 is one of compromises between outermost and innermost reduction strategies. Although rewriting with the E-strategy is intuitively easy-to-understand, the straightforward implementation cannot lead to ecient rewriting. Then, the implementations of OBJ3 and CafeOBJ use evaluated ags to implement(More)