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The stratum corneum of the skin serves as an effective barrier for maintenance of the internal milieu against the external environment. At the cell periphery of the stratum corneum is the cell envelope, a highly insoluble membranous structure composed of precursor proteins cross-linked by epsilon-(gamma-glutamyl)lysine bonds. Transglutaminase 1 (TGase 1;(More)
BACKGROUND We previously showed that the apolipoprotein (apo) Eepsilon2 allele is associated with the progression of diabetic nephropathy. The aim of the present study is to further investigate the association between apo E genetic polymorphism, plasma lipid levels (particularly remnant lipoproteins), and diabetic nephropathy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS One(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of apolipoprotein (apo)E4 allele on plasma LDL cholesterol response to calorie-restricted diet therapy in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty-four diabetic patients with the apoE3/3 genotype and 11 diabetic patients with the apoE4/3 genotype were recruited. Participants(More)
Pioglitazone preserves pancreatic beta-cell morphology and function in diabetic animal models. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms by which pioglitazone protects beta-cells in diabetic db/db mice. In addition to the morphological analysis of the islets, gene expression profiles of the pancreatic islet were analyzed using laser capture(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was introduced as a good technique to evaluate structural abnormalities in the white matter. In this study, we used DTI to examine anisotropic changes of the pyramidal tracts displaced by chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-six patients with unilateral CSDH underwent DTI(More)
Transglutaminase type 1 was identified as a tyrosine-phosphorylated protein from the isolated junctional fraction of the mouse liver. This enzyme was reported to be involved in the covalent cross-linking of proteins in keratinocytes, but its expression and activity in other cell types have not been examined. Northern blotting revealed that transglutaminase(More)
PURPOSE In severe ocular surface diseases, pathologic keratinization of the ordinarily nonkeratinized corneal and conjunctival mucosal epithelia results in severe visual loss. The expression in conjunctivalized corneas of various proteins known to play important roles in the physiological keratinization process in human epidermis was examined to better(More)
AIMS Adipocytokines, products from adipose tissue, have biological activities on the vascular system, and may affect diabetic angiopathy. In this study, we assessed the relationship between adiposity and plasma adipocytokine levels, and investigated the clinical significance of adiposity and plasma adipocytokine levels on diabetic micro- and macroangiopathy(More)
Transglutaminase 1 (TGase 1) is a tissue-specific enzyme which is expressed in the keratinized stratified squamous epithelia and which catalyzes straightepsilon-(gamma-glutamyl) lysine cross-links of proteins to form the cell envelope at the periphery of cornified cells. A transient expression assay using a luciferase reporter gene linked to the 2.5 kb 5'(More)