Michihiko Tsubono

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OBJECTIVE This study compared the UICC classification with the General Rules for Gastric Cancer Study (GRGCS) of the Japanese Research Society by analyzing recent results of gastric cancer surgery in Japan. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA The present UICC stage classification for gastric cancer was published in 1987 and the Japanese GRGCS were published in 1985.(More)
The current prospective randomized study was designed to compare the effects of intracavitary (i.c.) chemotherapy vs immunotherapy vs immunochemotherapy for malignant effusion. Between 1992 and 1995, a total of 42 patients with malignant effusion were registered, and 41 patients were eligible for statistical analysis. The primary diseases of the eligible(More)
MOPC-104E plasmacytomas were subcutaneously transplanted into BALB/c mice and after 7 days the mice were administered different fluorinated pyrimidines at 4 times the clinical doses, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU, 15 mg/kg), tegafur (FT, 100 mg/kg) or UFT (FT, 20 mg/kg + uracil, 44.8 mg/kg) daily for 7 days. Tumor growth was most effectively inhibited in the UFT(More)
BACKGROUND Cholecystokinin is thought to be an important factor regulating the growth of human pancreatic cancers. The study was designed to evaluate the effects of the cholecystokinin antagonist loxiglumide (CR1505) on the growth of human pancreatic cancer. METHODS Human gastrointestinal cancer xenografted tumors (one esophageal, one gastric, two(More)
PSK, a protein-bound polysaccharide, has been widely used for cancer immunotherapy in Japan. However, the mechanism of its immunomodulatory effect has not been fully clarified. In the present study the in vitro effect of PSK on the lymphocytes of patients with gastric cancer was studied. Culturing lymphocytes with PSK at 5–100 µg/ml increased the level of(More)
5'-Deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5'-DFUR) is believed to be metabolized to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) by pyrimidine nucleoside phosphorylase (PyNPase). PyNPase activity is reported to be higher in neoplastic tissues than in normal tissues, and this has been proposed as an explanation for the selective cytotoxicity of 5'-DFUR against tumors. In the present study,(More)
Two human gastric cancer xenograft lines (GC-YN and GC-SF) transplanted in nude mice were employed to evaluate and compare the anticancer effect of seven single anticancer agents and their various combinations. Mitomycin C, cisplatin (Briplatin) (CDDP) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) were screened out to be effective against GC-YN and only epirubicin(More)
The effects of cholecystokinin (CCK) and a CCK antagonist, loxiglumide (CR-1505), on four freshly separated and six xenografted human pancreatic cancers, were investigated. The level of DNA synthesis in only one of five tested pancreatic cancers was enhanced by CCK at concentrations of 0.01-10 nM, while in the other four cancers DNA synthesis was not(More)
The in vivo function of NK cells is still uncertain, and there are various contradictory reports on NK cells in gastrointestinal cancer. In the present study the activity and proportion of NK cells (Leu 11 + cells) in peripheral blood were assessed in 71 patients with gastric cancer, and analysed with respect to the clinical and histopathological factors,(More)
Most biliary tract cancers are advanced and inoperable when first diagnosed. Even if surgery can be performed, the postsurgical prognosis of these diseases is poor. In the present study, we investigated effective chemotherapies for a human bile duct cancer xenograft cell line (undifferentiated carcinoma, BDC-SN) and a gall bladder cancer xenograft cell line(More)