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To determine the contribution of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to cerebral edema formation in bacterial meningitis, we used a VEGF neutralizing antibody to block VEGF in rabbits, following induction of meningitis by intracisternal inoculation with 10(9) heat-killed pneumococci. At 8 h, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) VEGF was significantly elevated in(More)
Adherence to extracellular matrix proteins, such as fibronectin, affords pathogens with a mechanism to invade injured epithelia. Streptococcus pneumoniae was found to adhere to immobilized fibronectin more avidly than other streptococci and staphylococci do. Binding was dose, time, and temperature dependent. Trypsin treatment of the bacteria resulted in(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent vascular permeability factor. The development of capillary leak is common in septic patients, and several sepsis-associated mediators may induce VEGF production. The potential role of VEGF during sepsis has not been studied to date. The aim of the study was first to assess whether circulating VEGF levels(More)
Ligase IV syndrome is a rare differential diagnosis for Nijmegen breakage syndrome owing to a shared predisposition to lympho-reticular malignancies, significant microcephaly, and radiation hypersensitivity. Only 16 cases with mutations in LIG4 have been described to date with phenotypes varying from malignancy in developmentally normal individuals, to(More)
Despite effective antibiotic therapy, bacterial meningitis is still associated with high morbidity and mortality in both children and adults. Animal studies have shown that the host inflammatory response induced by bacterial products in the subarachnoid space is associated with central nervous system injury. Thus, attenuation of inflammation early in the(More)
BACKGROUND Ataxia telangiectasia (AT) is a multisystem DNA-repair disorder caused by mutations in the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene. Patients with AT have reduced B- and T-cell numbers and a highly variable immunodeficiency. ATM is important for V(D)J recombination and immunoglobulin class-switch recombination (CSR); however, little is known(More)
Invasive fungal infections are a major problem in patients treated for hematologic malignancies. We report a 3-year-old girl who suffered from febrile neutropenia during induction therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Initial chest computed tomography revealed no evidence of intrapulmonary fungal lesions, however, plasma galactomannan ratio was(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with cryptococcal meningitis (CM) show elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) and blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption in most cases. Elevated ICP is an important contributor to mortality. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) might be the mediator of BBB disruption during CM. METHODS We measured VEGF levels in serum, plasma, and(More)
Infection by pneumococci causes an acute inflammatory response associated with neutrophil influx, increased vascular permeability, and edema. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the most potent regulators of endothelial permeability. In vitro stimulation of neutrophils showed that pneumococci and purified pneumococcal cell wall induce VEGF(More)
T cells may interact with a number of bacterial surface antigens, an encounter which has the potential to downmodulate host immune responses. Neisseria meningitidis, a human colonizer and an agent of septicemia and meningitis, expresses Opa proteins which interact with the CEACAM1 receptor expressed on activated T cells. Since CEACAM1 can act as an(More)