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In one sense, Lambalgen and Hamm's book is easy to summarize. It examines a variety of temporal phenomena in natural language from an event-based perspective. It provides a formalization of the notion of event (using a modification of Shanahan's [1997] version of the Event Calculus, a many-sorted first-order theory), defines a dynamic-style semantics for(More)
Research in psycholinguistics and in the cognitive neuroscience of language has suggested that semantic and syntactic processing are associated with different neurophysiologic correlates, such as the N400 and the P600 in the ERPs. However, only a handful of studies have investigated the neural basis of the syntax-semantics interface, and even fewer(More)
We review the various explanations that have been offered to account for subjects' behaviour in Wason's famous selection task. We argue that one element that is lacking is a good understanding of subjects' semantics for the key expressions involved, and an understanding of how this semantics is affected by the demands the task puts upon the subject's(More)
Defeasible inferences are inferences that can be revised in the light of new information. Although defeasible inferences are pervasive in everyday communication, little is known about how and when they are processed by the brain. This study examined the electrophysiological signature of defeasible reasoning using a modified version of the suppression task.(More)
Modern logic provides accounts of both interpretation and derivation which work together to provide abstract frameworks for modelling the sensitivity of human reasoning to task, context and content. Cognitive theories have underplayed the importance of interpretative processes. We illustrate, using Wason's [Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 20 (1968) 273] selection task,(More)
Interpretation is the process whereby a hearer reasons to an interpretation of a speaker's discourse. The hearer normally adopts a credulous attitude to the discourse, at least for the purposes of interpreting it. That is to say the hearer tries to accommodate the truth of all the speaker's utterances in deriving an intended model. We present a nonmonotonic(More)
We study oscillation in the prefix-free complexity of initial segments of 1-random reals. For upward oscillations, we prove that P n∈ω 2 −g(n) diverges iff (∃ ∞ n) K(X n) > n + g(n) for every 1-random X ∈ 2 ω. For downward oscillations, we characterize the functions g such that (∃ ∞ n) K(X n) < n+g(n) for almost every X ∈ 2 ω. The proof of this result uses(More)