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BACKGROUND The genes underlying the risk of stroke in the general population remain undetermined. METHODS We carried out an analysis of genomewide association data generated from four large cohorts composing the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology consortium, including 19,602 white persons (mean [+/-SD] age, 63+/-8 years) in whom(More)
Patients with heart failure used to have an increased risk of stroke, but this may have changed with current treatment regimens. We assessed the association between heart failure and the risk of stroke in a population-based cohort that was followed since 1990. The study uses the cohort of the Rotterdam Study and is based on 7,546 participants who at(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several studies indicate that stroke increases the risk of dementia. Most of these studies lacked the ability to take accurately assessed prestroke cognitive function into account. Whether the effects of stroke merely unravel an ongoing underlying dementing process or in fact cause the dementia has implications for the prevention of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The role of uric acid as a risk factor for myocardial infarction is controversial, and little is known about its role as a risk factor for stroke. Recent evidence suggests that uric acid may be an important causal agent in cardiovascular disease, for example, by inducing renal disease and hence hypertension. We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inflammation plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a pleiotropic cytokine with a central role in inflammation. Little is known of the relation of variations within the gene and risk of cardiovascular and(More)
IMPORTANCE Intracranial atherosclerosis represents a relatively unexplored, but potentially important, cause of stroke in a white population. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between intracranial carotid artery calcification (ICAC) as a marker of intracranial atherosclerosis and the risk of stroke in whites. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Persons with early stages of chronic kidney disease, defined by a decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR), have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. It is unclear whether decreased GFR is a risk factor for stroke. We assessed the association between GFR and stroke in a prospective population-based cohort study. METHODS(More)
Young patients with an ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) often have no vascular risk factors. Hyperhomocysteinaemia is an established risk factor for stroke in elderly patients but it is uncertain whether it is also important for the prognosis of young ischaemic stroke and TIA patients. We examined the possible effect of the plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular factors and low education are important risk factors of dementia. We provide contemporary estimates of the proportion of dementia cases that could be prevented if modifiable risk factors were eliminated, i.e., population attributable risk (PAR). Furthermore, we studied whether the PAR has changed across the last two decades. (More)
BACKGROUND Information on incidence of stroke is important for developing and maintaining public health strategies in primary and secondary prevention. Nationwide data on the incidence of stroke are scarce and absent for the Netherlands. METHODS New cases of first stroke and stroke subtypes in the Dutch population in 2000 were identified through linkage(More)