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BACKGROUND Strains of salmonella that are resistant to antimicrobial agents have become a worldwide health problem. A distinct strain of Salmonella enterica serotype typhimurium, known as definitive type 104 (DT104), is resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfonamides, and tetracycline and has become a major cause of illness in humans(More)
BACKGROUND An outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections in Connecticut and Illinois during May 28 to June 27, 1996, was investigated to determine the source of infections. METHODS Independent case-control studies were performed in both states. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was performed on E. coli O157:H7 isolates. A case-patient was(More)
High seroprevalence rates for Helicobacter pylori are reported in developing countries, yet few seroincidence studies exist that determine age of initial acquisition and risk factors for H. pylori seroconversion. Two H. pylori serosurveys were conducted in August 1996 and November 1997. Of 188 children aged 21 months to 6 years who were seronegative in the(More)
The urinary tract has received a great deal of attention as a possible source of infection following arthroplasty. The incidence and significance of asymptomatic bacteriuria in patients admitted for arthroplasty is obscure. The occurrence of bacteriuria was therefore analyzed retrospectively in 299 patients admitted for hip/knee arthroplasty to determine(More)
BACKGROUND Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections have traditionally been associated with animal products, but outbreaks associated with produce have been reported with increasing frequency. In fall 1996, a small cluster of E. coli O157:H7 infections was epidemiologically linked to a particular brand (brand A) of unpasteurized apple juice. OBJECTIVE To(More)
Despite state and local laws requiring medical providers to report notifiable infectious diseases to public health authorities, reporting is believed to be incomplete. Through means of an analytical literature review, the authors synthesize current knowledge on the completeness of disease reporting and identify factors associated with reporting(More)
Seventy-two Mitchell distal metatarsal osteotomies for hallux valgus performed over a period of 10 years have been reviewed. Sixty-six (92 per cent) were graded as excellent or good. Retrospective radiographic analysis of 29 of these cases showed that the operation had reduced the intermetatarsal angles to within normal anatomical limits. No patient(More)
Little information is available in the United States regarding the incidence and distribution of diseases caused by critical microbiologic agents with the potential for use in acts of terrorism. We describe disease-specific, demographic, geographic, and seasonal distribution of selected bioterrorism-related conditions (anthrax, botulism, brucellosis,(More)
Nonunion is an uncommon complication of high tibial osteotomy. Reported techniques of treating such a complication include resection of the pseudarthrosis and cast immobilization with risk of joint stiffness and loss of alignment. The special AO/ASIF threaded external fixator with double clamps was used to treat three patients with nonunions following high(More)
Since the height of HIV incidence in the mid-1980s, advances in treatment have delayed progression of HIV infection. As a result, surveillance of AIDS cases alone is no longer sufficient to monitor the current status of the HIV epidemic. At the national level, new HIV diagnoses and progression of these cases to AIDS are used to describe the epidemic. The(More)