Michie Miyoshi

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BACKGROUND Microglial activation and disrupted neurotransmissions may herald symptomatic manifestations in neurodegenerative tauopathies. METHODS We investigated microglial activation with [(11)C]DAA1106 positron emission tomography (PET), striatal dopaminergic function with l-[beta-(11)C]dopa PET, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity with(More)
UNLABELLED It has been demonstrated in vitro that the dopamine D(2) receptor has 2 interconvertible affinity states for endogenous dopamine, referred to as the high- and the low-affinity states. (11)C-(R)-2-CH(3)O-N-n-propylnorapomorphine ((11)C-MNPA) is a new agonist radioligand for in vivo imaging of the high-affinity state of dopamine D(2) receptors(More)
Effects of antipsychotic drugs have widely been considered to be mediated by blockade of postsynaptic dopamine D(2) receptors. Effects of antipsychotics on presynaptic functions of dopaminergic neurotransmission might also be related to therapeutic effects of antipsychotics. To investigate the effects of antipsychotics on presynaptic functions of(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether amyloid deposition is associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like cortical atrophy in Lewy body (LB) disease (LBD). Participants included 15 LBD with dementia patients (8 with dementia with Lewy bodies [DLB] and 7 with Parkinson's disease [PD] with dementia [PDD]), 13 AD patients, and 17 healthy controls.(More)
OBJECTIVES Estimate the value of in vivo plasma IC50 of donepezil, the concentration of donepezil in plasma that inhibits brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity by 50% at the steady-state conditions of donepezil between the plasma and the brain. METHODS N-[C] methylpiperidin-4-yl acetate ([C]MP4A) positron emission tomography was performed in 16(More)
UNLABELLED Peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) is upregulated in activated glial cells and is therefore a useful biomarker for inflammation in the brain and neurodegenerative disorders. We developed a new PET radioligand, (11)C-AC-N-benzyl-N-ethyl-2-(7-methyl-8-oxo-2-pheyl-7,8-dihydro-9H-purin-9-yl)acetamide ((11)C-AC-5216), that allows the imaging and(More)
Dementia, a progressive cognitive decline, leads to a gradually increasing restriction of daily activities. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. The pathological features of AD include plaques and tangles which are constituted by amyloid beta peptide (A beta) and tau protein. These amyloidogenic molecules have been mechanistically(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) techniques have made it possible to measure changes in target molecular in living human brain. PET can be used to investigate various brain functions such as receptors, transporters, enzymes and various biochemical pathways; therefore, it could be a powerful tool for molecular imaging of functional neurotransmission. Since(More)
The increased proportion of the high-affinity state of dopamine D2/3 receptors (D2,high) is assumed to correlate with dopamine hypersensitivity, implying a relationship with psychotic symptoms observed in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. [11C](R)-2-CH3O-N-n-propylnorapomorphine ([11C]MNPA), which has an agonistic property to dopamine D2(More)
The characteristic neuropathological changes in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are deposition of amyloid senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. The 18F-labeled amyloid tracer, [18F]2-[(2-{(E)-2-[2-(dimethylamino)-1,3-thiazol-5-yl]vinyl}-1,3-benzoxazol-6-yl)oxy]-3-fluoropropan-1-ol (FACT), one of the benzoxazole derivatives, was recently developed. In the(More)