Michiaki Masuda

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The emergence of drug-resistant bacteria is a severe problem in aquaculture. The ability of drug resistance genes to transfer from a bacterial cell to another is thought to be responsible for the wide dissemination of these genes in the aquaculture environment; however, little is known about the gene transfer mechanisms in marine bacteria. In this study, we(More)
Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) belongs to xenobiotic enzymes, and is supposed to contribute to chemoresistance. Though it was reported that GSTP1 gene is suppressed by cytosine-guanine (CpG) island methylation of its promoter, this promoter is not strongly methylated and GSTP1 protein is highly expressed in lung cancer. We intended to induce(More)
Species of the genus Prototheca are achlorophyllous algae and ubiquitous in nature, and so far, six species have been listed in this genus: Prototheca wickerhamii, Prototheca zopfii, Prototheca blaschkeae, Prototheca cutis, Prototheca stagnora and Prototheca ulmea. A strain of the genus Prototheca, IFM 53848T, was isolated in Japan from a patient with(More)
There is increasing evidence that soluble glycosaminoglycans such as heparin can interfere with the infectivity of various viruses, including ecotropic murine leukemia viruses (MLVs). The ecotropic MLV, Friend MLV (F-MLV) and the neuropathogenic variants A8 MLV and PVC-211 MLV, were susceptible to heparin-mediated inhibition of infection of NIH 3T3 cells.(More)
Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) is one of the xenobiotic-metabolizing and antioxidant enzymes, identified in the peripheral lungs. Recently, the authors reported the association between GSTP1 gene polymorphism and susceptibility to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and protective effect of GSTP1 against cigarette smoke in human lung(More)
Viral protein R (Vpr), an accessory protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), induces the G2 cell cycle arrest in fission yeast for which host factors, such as Wee1 and Rad24, are required. Catalyzing the inhibitory phosphorylation of Cdc2, Wee1 is known to serve as a major regulator of G2/M transition in the eukaryotic cell cycle. It has been(More)
S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2), a member of the F-box family of ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes, controls the stability of cell cycle-related proteins including p27Kip1. The authors examined how the expression level of SKP2 affects the expression level of cell cycle-related proteins, cell cycle status, viability, and chemoresistance in A549(More)
Emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the aquaculture environment is a significant problem for disease control of cultured fish as well as in human public health. Conjugative mobile genetic elements (MGEs) are involved in dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) among marine bacteria. In the present study, we first designed a PCR(More)
Novel sets of env gene PCR primers for distinguishing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtypes B and E were designed. These primers anneal to different regions of the env gene and amplify DNA fragments of distinct sizes in a subtype-specific manner. Blood samples from 11 HIV-1 carriers in Thailand and 46 carriers in Japan were examined by PCR.(More)
The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe is a useful model organism for studying a variety of eukaryotic cellular events such as the cell cycle control mechanisms. For inducible expression of exogenous genes in S. pombe, vectors carrying the nmt1 (no message in thiamine 1) promoter are most commonly used. Although nmt1 is a potent promoter, its(More)