Michiaki Masuda

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The emergence of drug-resistant bacteria is a severe problem in aquaculture. The ability of drug resistance genes to transfer from a bacterial cell to another is thought to be responsible for the wide dissemination of these genes in the aquaculture environment; however, little is known about the gene transfer mechanisms in marine bacteria. In this study, we(More)
There is increasing evidence that soluble glycosaminoglycans such as heparin can interfere with the infectivity of various viruses, including ecotropic murine leukemia viruses (MLVs). The ecotropic MLV, Friend MLV (F-MLV) and the neuropathogenic variants A8 MLV and PVC-211 MLV, were susceptible to heparin-mediated inhibition of infection of NIH 3T3 cells.(More)
Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) belongs to xenobiotic enzymes, and is supposed to contribute to chemoresistance. Though it was reported that GSTP1 gene is suppressed by cytosine-guanine (CpG) island methylation of its promoter, this promoter is not strongly methylated and GSTP1 protein is highly expressed in lung cancer. We intended to induce(More)
Species of the genus Prototheca are achlorophyllous algae and ubiquitous in nature, and so far, six species have been listed in this genus: Prototheca wickerhamii, Prototheca zopfii, Prototheca blaschkeae, Prototheca cutis, Prototheca stagnora and Prototheca ulmea. A strain of the genus Prototheca, IFM 53848T, was isolated in Japan from a patient with(More)
Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) is one of the xenobiotic-metabolizing and antioxidant enzymes, identified in the peripheral lungs. Recently, the authors reported the association between GSTP1 gene polymorphism and susceptibility to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and protective effect of GSTP1 against cigarette smoke in human lung(More)
Viral protein R (Vpr), an accessory protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), induces the G2 cell cycle arrest in fission yeast for which host factors, such as Wee1 and Rad24, are required. Catalyzing the inhibitory phosphorylation of Cdc2, Wee1 is known to serve as a major regulator of G2/M transition in the eukaryotic cell cycle. It has been(More)
Upon retroviral infection, the genomic RNA is reverse transcribed to make proviral DNA, which is then integrated into the host chromosome. Although the viral elements required for successful integration have been extensively characterized, little is known about the host DNA structure constituting preferred targets for proviral integration. In order to(More)
Lentiviral accessory proteins are thought to play important roles in regulating the viral replication through modulation of host cell functions. For example, Vpr of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) induces the cell cycle G2 arrest in a host cell-specific manner. Similarly, HIV-2 Vpr, but not Vpx, has been shown to induce G2 arrest in primate(More)
S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2), a member of the F-box family of ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes, controls the stability of cell cycle-related proteins including p27Kip1. The authors examined how the expression level of SKP2 affects the expression level of cell cycle-related proteins, cell cycle status, viability, and chemoresistance in A549(More)
We investigated how nutritional deficiency affects cell cycle and cell viability in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells. Deprivation of various amino acids or glucose induced cell cycle arrest and cell death in a different manner. Cell death on deprivation of these nutrients was increased by downregulating of p27Kip1 with RNA interference. It was also observed(More)