Michelle T. Leonard

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UNLABELLED Researchers have become increasingly interested in the social context of chronic pain conditions. The purpose of this article is to provide an integrated review of the evidence linking marital functioning with chronic pain outcomes including pain severity, physical disability, pain behaviors, and psychological distress. We first present an(More)
Chronic pain has adverse effects on individuals with chronic pain (ICPs) as well as their family members. Borrowing from an empathy model described by Goubert et al. (2005), we examined top-down and bottom-up factors that may be related to psychological well-being in the spouses of ICPs. A diverse community sample of 113 middle-aged spouses of individuals(More)
Researchers have hypothesized that pain catastrophizing has a social function. Although work has focused on the catastrophizing of individuals with chronic pain (ICPs), little is known about the pain catastrophizing of their significant others. The purpose of this study was to test the validity of a revised version of the original PCS [Sullivan MJL, Bishop(More)
UNLABELLED This study examined the extent to which components of empathy (ie, empathic accuracy, empathic tendencies, and empathic responses) were correlated within the context of chronic pain couples. Additionally, the interrelationships between these empathy variables and spouse responses to pain were investigated. Participants were 57 couples in which at(More)
BACKGROUND Arab Americans exhibit higher rates of hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors relative to national averages. While research suggests some minorities may exhibit increased cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) to, and slowed recovery from, stress compared to Whites, which may represent a risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular(More)
UNLABELLED Few studies have examined the impact of chronic pain on the spouse. In this study the impact of pain and disability as rated by both the patient and the spouse on spouse marital satisfaction and affective distress was examined in 110 couples. Zero-order correlations indicated that absolute ratings of perceived disability by the spouse, rather(More)
Throughout the past two decades, researchers have studied the close relationships of patients to understand the role that these relationships play in the maintenance and alleviation of pain and the role that pain plays in affecting relationships. In this article, a brief review of the evidence is provided, showing a link between marital functioning and(More)
Couple therapy has been used with success in treating marital distress, psychological distress, and other problems. Researchers in the pain field have also shown that the inclusion of the spouse in pain treatment may be beneficial to the patient. In this article, we present integrative behavioral couple therapy (IBCT) as one option for therapists treating(More)
OBJECTIVES This study explored correlates of spousal ability to infer the thoughts and feelings of individuals with chronic pain (ICPs). METHODS Participant couples (N=57), who consisted of at least 1 couple member with chronic pain, engaged in a videotaped discussion about pain, after which they completed an empathic accuracy procedure where spouses of(More)