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The present study assessed alterations in mesolimbic enkephalin (ENK) mRNA levels after predator [2,5-dihydro-2,4,5-trimethylethiazoline (TMT)] and non-predator (butyric acid) odor encounter and/or light-dark (LD) testing in CD-1 mice immediately, 24, 48 and 168 h after the initial odor encounter and/or LD testing. The nucleus accumbens, ventral tegmental(More)
The contents and conclusions of this report are considered appropriate for the time of its preparation. They may be modified in the light of further knowledge gained at subsequent stages. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the effects of night vision goggles (NVGs) on navigation and way-finding performance and the acquisition of spatial knowledge. BACKGROUND Although numerous studies have examined the effects of NVGs on visual perception, few have examined the effects of using NVGs on the acquisition and expression of spatial cognition. (More)
The contents and conclusions of this report are considered appropriate for the time of its preparation. They may be modified in the light of further knowledge gained at subsequent stages. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and(More)
The present investigation assessed the propensity of an acute psychogenic stressor exposure to induce behavioral change in paradigms assessing fear/anxiety (acoustic startle) and motivation/anhedonia (intracranial self-stimulation) in CD-1 mice. In the acoustic startle paradigm, a 10-min exposure of 2-4 month old mice (young adult mice) to fox odor(More)
BACKGROUND Mucosal erosions can be a presenting feature of the hypereosinophilic syndrome. The aim of this study was to analyze in situ the presence of eosinophil proteins and the state of eosinophil activation. Biopsy specimens of mucosal lesions and normal skin were taken from two men with oral and genital erosions typical of hypereosinophilic syndrome.(More)
Challenges of food and nutrition security, agriculture and ecosystem management in an urbanizing world FAO Food for the Cities multidisciplinary initiative position paper Food, agriculture and cities The challenges of food and nutrition security, agriculture and ecosystem management in an urbanizing world Foreword Urbanization is one of the key drivers of(More)
A guide for decision-makers Agroforestry is a dynamic, ecologically based, natural resources management system that, through the integration of trees on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversiies and sustains production for increased social, economic and environmental beneets for land users at all levels (ICRAF). Yet it is still considered a(More)