Michelle Scalise Sugiyama

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Stories consist largely of representations of the human social environment. These representations can be used to influence the behavior of others (consider, e.g., rumor, propaganda, public relations, advertising). Storytelling can thus be seen as a transaction in which the benefit to the listener is information about his or her environment, and the benefit(More)
Selection pressure from health risk is hypothesized to have shaped adaptations motivating individuals to attempt to become valued by other individuals by generously and recurrently providing beneficial goods and/or services to them because this strategy encouraged beneficiaries to provide costly health care to their benefactors when the latter were sick or(More)
Research to date has focused on fitness costs that coalitional aggression imposes on men and how these may have shaped male cognitive design. This study investigated whether warfare may have shaped female cognitive design by identifying fitness costs that lethal raiding imposes on women and determining how widespread these fitness costs are across a sample(More)
In 1966, Laura Bohannan wrote her classic essay challenging the supposition that great literary works speak to universal human concerns and conditions and, by extension, that human nature is the same everywhere. Her evidence: the Tiv of West Africa interpret Hamlet differently from Westerners. While Bohannan's essay implies that cognitive universality and(More)
Successful exploitation of the foraging niche requires extensive, specialized knowledge, much of which is acquired through social learning. Research suggests that the oral tradition is a social learning mechanism, used to exchange information critical to solving recurrent problems of forager existence, such as manipulating and being manipulated by others,(More)
A pivotal moment in my graduate career occurred when a colleague confided that he saw literary study as the study of human behavior, and all study of human behavior as the study of human biology. Thus, he continued, literary study ought properly to be a sub-field of the biological sciences (Constable, personal communication). On this view, English programs(More)
― Although this is an open-access journal where papers and articles are freely disseminated across the internet for personal or academic use, the rights of individual authors as well as those of the journal and its editors are nonetheless asserted: no part of the journal can be used for commercial purposes whatsoever without the express written consent of(More)
What does human nature have to do with ecocriticism? This is the question at the heart of Glen Love's book, Practical Ecocriticism. For those who aren't familiar with this wing of academia, ecocriticism is the study of the relationship between literature and the environment. Its practitioners explore human attitudes toward the environment as expressed in(More)
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