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OBJECTIVE To investigate HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs) and clients in a mining region of China. GOAL To estimate HIV/STI prevalence and to identify HIV risk factors among FSWs and miner clients. STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional study of 96 FSWs and 339 miner clients. RESULTS In FSWs, prevalence of HIV was(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence and associated risk factors among miners in Yunnan, China. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1798 miners in 2 townships of Gejiu City, Yunnan, from March to May 2006. Standardized interviewer-administered questionnaires were completed and specimens collected for(More)
This document is in the public domain and may be used and reprinted without permission except those copyrighted materials noted, for which further reproduction is prohibited without the specific permission of copyright holders. Preface The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), through its Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPCs), sponsors the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of promoting a bundle of fixed doses of a generic statin and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker (ACEI/ARB), delivered with minimal outpatient visits, laboratory testing, and dosage titration, to people with diabetes, coronary artery disease (CAD), or both in a large integrated healthcare(More)
Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) communities face enormous health disparities, with tobacco use contributing to high rates of cancer and heart disease. There is growing interest nationwide on the influence of environmental factors on tobacco use. AAPI communities have been found to have higher exposures to tobacco company marketing compared to the(More)
INTRODUCTION As with many diseases, the epidemic of asthma among children over the past few decades has been shaped by a social and environmental context that is becoming progressively more evident. Commonly used methods for asthma surveillance, however, are based on national rather than local data. The purpose of this study was to develop high-resolution(More)
INTRODUCTION Since 2003, Kaiser Permanente (KP) has implemented innovative cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk-reduction clinical practices in Northern and Southern California that emphasize the use of cardioprotective medications-aspirin, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and statins-in individuals at very high risk of experiencing heart attacks and(More)
CONTEXT Significant illness is associated with biological contaminants in drinking water, but little is known about health effects from low levels of chemical contamination in drinking water. To examine these effects in epidemiological studies, the sources of drinking water of study populations need to be known. OBJECTIVE The California Environmental(More)