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An admission cohort of 296 Australian methadone maintenance patients was followed over 15 years. The relative risks of death in and out of maintenance were calculated for two age groups, 20-29 and 30-39 years. Heroin addicts in both age groups were one-quarter as likely to die while receiving methadone maintenance as addicts not in treatment. This is(More)
The objectives of this research were to determine the effects of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency on medial collateral ligament (MCL) insertion site and contact forces during anterior tibial loading and valgus loading using a combined experimental-finite element (FE) approach. Our hypothesis was that ACL deficiency would increase MCL insertion(More)
The knee joint is partially stabilized by the interaction of multiple ligament structures. This study tested the interdependent functions of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the medial collateral ligament (MCL) by evaluating the effects of ACL deficiency on local MCL strain while simultaneously measuring joint kinematics under specific loading(More)
The present study used a measure of trait binge eating (Binge Eating Scale; BES) to examine its association with behavioural markers of appetite and food reward. Non-obese female participants consumed a preload before freely selecting and consuming from a test meal. Subjective hunger and hedonic measures of explicit liking and implicit wanting for food were(More)
PURPOSE The MDS1 and EVI1 complex locus (MECOM) at 3q26 gives rise to several alternatively spliced transcripts implicated in leukemic oncogenesis. Overexpression of EVI1 in ovarian cancer has led to a proposed oncogenic role. Our objective was to evaluate the therapeutic potential of EVI1 and EVI1s (also known as Delta324) in ovarian cancer. METHODS(More)
Both the estrogen receptor (ER) and the progesterone receptor (PR) have two subtypes: ER-alpha and beta, and PR-A and -B, respectively. These subtypes differ in function and expression, and recent reports have correlated changes in the normal proportions of these isoforms with neoplastic states. We investigated ER and PR isoform expression in normal pre-(More)
A long-term follow-up was made of a cohort of 307 heroin addicts admitted into a high-dose, Australian methadone maintenance programme in the early 1970s. Using data from clinic records, official death records and methadone treatment histories, it was found that subjects were nearly three times as likely to die outside of methadone maintenance as in it (95%(More)
A variety of published techniques for the production of concentrated fibrinogen from units of screened single-donor human plasma have led to increasing clinical use of fibrin glue in the United States. We have adapted a method of applying this material with a disposable plastic sprayer. In 20 consecutively treated patients, fibrin glue was sprayed on the(More)
The study of human appetite and eating behaviour has become increasingly important in recent years due to the rise in body weight dysregulation through both obesity and eating disorders. Adequate control over appetite is paramount for the control of body weight and in order to understand appetite, it is necessary to measure eating behaviour accurately. So(More)
The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing in many countries and confers risks for early type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. In the presence of potent 'obesogenic' environments not all children become obese, indicating the presence of susceptibility and resistance. Taking an energy balance approach, susceptibility could be(More)