Michelle R Holevar

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BACKGROUND Blunt injury to the carotid or vertebral vessels (blunt cerebrovascular injury [BCVI]) is diagnosed in approximately 1 of 1,000 (0.1%) patients hospitalized for trauma in the United States with the majority of these injuries diagnosed after the development of symptoms secondary to central nervous system ischemia, with a resultant neurologic(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhage from pelvic fracture is common in victims of blunt traumatic injury. In 2001, the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST) published practice management guidelines for the management of hemorrhage in pelvic trauma. Since that time there have been new practice patterns and larger experiences with older techniques. The(More)
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Thoracic trauma is a notable cause of morbidity and mortality in American trauma centers, where 25% of traumatic deaths are related to injuries sustained within the thoracic cage.1 Chest injuries occur in 60% of polytrauma cases; therefore, a rough estimate of the occurrence of hemothorax related to trauma in the United States(More)
BACKGROUND The validity of current guidelines regarding resuscitation of patients in traumatic cardiopulmonary arrest (TCPA) and the ability of emergency medical services (EMS) to appropriately apply them have been called into question. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the consequences of violating the current published guidelines and whether EMS(More)
Although the need and benefit of prehospital interventions has been controversial for quite some time, an increasing amount of evidence has stirred both sides into more frequent debate. Proponents of the traditional "scoop-and-run" technique argue that this approach allows a more timely transfer to definitive care facilities and limits unnecessary (and(More)
INTRODUCTION The incidence of acute deep venous thrombosis as a result of penetrating proximity extremity trauma (PPET) to the thigh has been demonstrated to be 16% in a single report. The purpose of the current study is to demonstrate the incidence and clinical significance of venous injury as a result of proximity trauma to the thigh in a large cohort(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate the regulatory effect of a small molecule selectin inhibitor in the liver by examining the functional, structural, and survival response of animals subjected to hemorrhagic shock and to determine the liver infiltration of neutrophils and the regulation of chemokine expression. Selectins play an(More)
BACKGROUND Although the incidence of injury to the upper extremity screened with angiography as a result of proximity penetrating trauma is similar to that of the lower extremity, intervention rates seem to be higher. However, studies evaluating the incidence of injury as a result of proximity penetrating trauma have primarily focused on the lower(More)
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